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John R. Bolton Esq.

Self Description

September 2005: "John R. Bolton was appointed by President George W. Bush as United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations on August 1, 2005. Prior to his appointment, Ambassador Bolton served as Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security from May 2001 to May 2005.

Prior to this, Ambassador Bolton was Senior Vice President of the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). AEI is a nonprofit public policy center dedicated to preserving and strengthening the foundations of freedom through research education, and open debate.

Ambassador Bolton has spent many years of his career in public service. Previous positions he has held are Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs at the Department of State, 1989-1993; Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, 1985-1989; Assistant Administrator for Program and Policy Coordination, U.S. Agency for International Development, 1982-1983; General Counsel, U.S. Agency for International Development, 1981-1982.

Ambassador Bolton is also an attorney. From 1974-1981 he was an associate at the Washington office of Covington & Burling, where he returned as a member of the firm from 1983-1985, after public service at the U.S. Agency for International Development. From 1993 through 1999, he was a partner in the law firm of Lerner, Reed, Bolton & McManus.

Ambassador Bolton was born in Baltimore on November 20, 1948. He graduated with a B.A., summa cum laude, from Yale University and received his J.D. from Yale Law School."

Third-Party Descriptions

September 2013: 'But wasn’t there arrogance or hubris in Snowden’s and Manning’s decisions to leak the documents? After all, weren’t there established procedures determining what was right further up the organizational chart? Weren’t these ethical decisions better left to someone with a higher pay grade? The former United States ambassador to the United Nations, John Bolton, argued that Snowden “thinks he’s smarter and has a higher morality than the rest of us … that he can see clearer than other 299, 999, 999 of us, and therefore he can do what he wants. I say that is the worst form of treason.”'

June 2007: Some former Bush administration officials joined in. 'I think the prosecution [of I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby -- Ed.] was unwarranted, and I think a pardon would be exactly the right thing for the president to do,' John R. Bolton, a former ambassador to the United Nations, said by e-mail.

April 2005: The second is a matter of ethical or legal lapses. Indiscretions of this kind can at times prompt nominees to withdraw even before the Senate officially weighs in. That's what relegated names like Zoe Baird, Bernard Kerik and Linda Chavez to historical footnotes. In Bolton's case, allegations about his flair for interpersonal relations may become his undoing. Did he really argue with a U.S. Agency for International Development worker in a Moscow hotel, throw things at her in a hallway and bang on her door in the middle of the night back when he was in the private sector? Has he torpedoed the careers of those who disagreed with him in government? (Bolton said he sought the transfer, not dismissal, of people in whom he had lost confidence.)

June 2005: For years, a key U.S. program intended to keep Russian nuclear fuel out of terrorist hands has been frozen by an arcane legal dispute. As undersecretary of state, John R. Bolton was charged with fixing the problem, but critics complained he was the roadblock.

August 2002: US arms control/international security expert.


RoleNameTypeLast Updated
Organization Executive (past or present) American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, The (AEI) Organization Sep 22, 2005
Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Organization Executive (past or present) State Department/Department of State (DOS) Organization Sep 22, 2005
Representative to (past or present) United Nations, The (UN) Organization Sep 22, 2005
Organization Executive (past or present) United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Organization Sep 22, 2005
Student/Trainee (past or present) Yale University Organization Sep 22, 2005
Subordinate of (past or present) Representative of (past or present) President George W. Bush Person Sep 21, 2005
Supporter of (past or present) Vice President Richard ("Dick") B. Cheney Person Dec 26, 2005
Colleague/Co-worker of (past or present) Prof. John C. Yoo Esq. Person Dec 26, 2005

Articles and Resources

Date Resource Read it at:
Sep 15, 2013 The Banality of Systemic Evil (THE STONE)

QUOTE: Clearly, there is a moral principle at work in the actions of the leakers, whistle-blowers and hacktivists and those who support them. I would also argue that that moral principle has been clearly articulated, and it may just save us from a dystopian future. In “Eichmann in Jerusalem,” one of the most poignant and important works of 20th-century philosophy, Hannah Arendt made an observation about what she called “the banality of evil.” One interpretation of this holds that it was not an observation about what a regular guy Adolph Eichmann seemed to be, but rather a statement about what happens when people play their “proper” roles within a system....A good illustration of this phenomenon appears in “Moral Mazes,” a book by the sociologist Robert Jackall that explored the ethics of decision making within several corporate bureaucracies.

New York Times
Aug 11, 2007 Bush's Muse Stands Accused: Speeches Weren't His, Colleague Says

QUOTE: Michael J. Gerson is accused by a former colleague of taking credit for words he did not write.

Washington Post
Jun 06, 2007 In the West Wing, Pardon Is A Topic Too Sensitive to Mention

QUOTE: The sentence imposed on former White House aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby yesterday put President Bush in the position of making a decision he has tried to avoid for months: Trigger a fresh political storm by pardoning a convicted perjurer or let one of the early architects of his administration head to prison.

Washington Post
Sep 30, 2006 U.N. Security Council Takes Up Discussion of Rights in Burma

QUOTE: Members of the U.N. Security Council met yesterday behind closed doors to discuss the political situation in Burma for the first time, and afterward the U.S. ambassador, John R. Bolton, said the United States would push for a resolution on human rights and freedom for political prisoners to be voted on later this year.

Washington Post
Sep 20, 2006 Sudan Rejects Request To Allow U.N. Troops: Bush Calls for Assistance From NATO

QUOTE: Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir on Tuesday dismissed pleas from President Bush, U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan and other Western leaders to allow a force of 20,000 U.N. peacekeepers into the violence-wracked Darfur region.

Washington Post
Aug 07, 2006 Cease-Fire Draft at U.N. Falters Amid Arab Criticism

QUOTE: The stalling of progress at the United Nations reflected an outpouring of condemnation across the Middle East, demonstrating a conviction that the proposed resolution spoke to all of Israel’s demands, backed by the United States, without addressing those of Hezbollah.

New York Times
Feb 24, 2006 Charter for Rights Panel Faulted: Advocates Criticize U.S. Call to Reopen Talks on U.N. Draft

QUOTE: John R. Bolton, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, called for reopening negotiations on a new human rights council, a move that senior U.N. officials and some human rights advocates warned could jeopardize the creation of a new agency to sanction rights violators.

Washington Post
Dec 21, 2005 U.N. Initiatives Mark Rare Show of Unity

QUOTE: The United Nations strengthened its whistle-blower protection policy for its employees as member governments voted to establish a new peace-building commission to oversee post-conflict reconstruction efforts in the world's worst trouble spots....The United States, the United Nations' largest donor, is headed for a potential showdown with other members over the world body's two-year budget.

Washington Post
Oct 11, 2005 Militia Violence Escalating In Darfur, U.N. Envoy Says

QUOTE: Khartoum has not abided by a long-standing Security Council order to establish a "plan to disarm" the Sudanese-backed Arab militiamen, who stand accused of driving more than 2 million tribal Africans from their homes since 2003.

Washington Post
Sep 14, 2005 U.N. Scales Back Plan of Action: Assembly Approves Declaration on Goals, Internal Reform

QUOTE: The U.N. General Assembly ... adopted a declaration on the need to combat world poverty, promote human rights and strengthen management of the organization, but only after negotiators scaled back the document because of intractable disagreements among nations on sensitive issues.

Washington Post
Aug 25, 2005 U.S. Wants Changes In U.N. Agreement

QUOTE: Less than a month before world leaders arrive in New York for a world summit on poverty and U.N. reform, the Bush administration has thrown the proceedings in turmoil with a call for drastic renegotiation of a draft agreement to be signed by presidents and prime ministers attending the event. The United States has only recently introduced more than 750 amendments...

Washington Post
Jul 11, 2005 Slander : The assassination of Alberto Coll

QUOTE: Coll is a former deputy assistant secretary of defense during the George H.W. Bush administration, a military scholar, and a dean at the U.S. Naval War College whose life has been nearly destroyed by a slander campaign accusing him of espionage and an absurd criminal prosecution for violating U.S. travel rules to Cuba.

Jun 20, 2005 Policy Shifts Felt After Bolton's Departure From State Dept.

QUOTE: Now with Bolton no longer in the job, U.S. negotiators report a breakthrough with the Russians and predict a resolution will be sealed by President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin at an international summit in Scotland next month, clearing the way to eliminate enough plutonium to fuel 8,000 nuclear bombs.

Washington Post
Apr 24, 2005 A Gallery of Might-Have-Beens: There's More Than One Way to Fail the Senate Confirmation Test

QUOTE: There are only two factors that can stop a presidential nominee for the executive branch -- and both may apply to Bolton...Like Guinier, Bolton has drawn fire not for who he is but for what he actually thinks. The second is a matter of ethical or legal lapses.

Washington Post
Dec 26, 2004 As Nuclear Secrets Emerge in Khan Inquiry, More Are Suspected

QUOTE: ...experts from the United States and the International Atomic Energy Agency came upon blueprints for a 10-kiloton atomic bomb in the files of the Libyan weapons program...the detailed design represented a new level of danger...

New York Times
Feb 06, 2003 U.N. Begins Choosing the Judges for New Court

QUOTE: ...the United Nations moved forward this week toward creating an International Criminal Court — a project that America's allies hope the United States will support over time.

New York Times
Oct 09, 2002 U.S. Presses for Total Exemption From War Crimes Court

QUOTE: The United States hopes to sign agreements with 190 countries exempting all Americans from the reach of the court in their territories.

New York Times
Aug 07, 2002 U.S. Seeking Pacts in a Bid to Keep Its Peacekeepers

QUOTE: "The Bush administration, still wary of the new International Criminal Court, is trying to line up nations one by one to pledge not to extradite Americans for trial, administration officials say today."

New York Times