You are here: > Resources > Pres. Hosni (Muhammad) Mubarak

Pres. Hosni (Muhammad) Mubarak

Self Description

Third-Party Descriptions

November 2012: "Since Mr. Mubarak’s ouster, courts have dissolved Parliament, kept a Mubarak loyalist as top prosecutor and disbanded the first Assembly."

July 2011: "Under its former president, Hosni Mubarak, Egypt served as a bridge between Arab monarchies like Saudi Arabia and Arab dictatorships like Syria and Libya....Whereas Mr. Mubarak mediated between Israelis and Palestinians..."

January 2011: "The Mubarak government may have taken the unprecedented step of severing the internet and pulling the plug on cell phone coverage in strategic parts of the country, but anyone with access to a satellite dish -- and that's most Egyptians -- has a ringside seat to the live drama playing out on the streets and on TV screens around the world. Inspired, many ordinary Egyptians are leaving the safety of their homes to join the demonstrators."

June 2009: "Across the Arab world, Iran's massive opposition protests have triggered a wave of soul-searching and conflicting emotions. Many question why their own reform movements are unable to rally people to rise up against unpopular authoritarian regimes. In Egypt, the cradle of what was once the Arab world's most ambitious push for democracy, Iran's protests have served as a reminder of how much the notion has unraveled under President Hosni Mubarak, who has ruled the country for 30 years."

February 2008: 'In an introductory essay titled "Despots Masquerading as Democrats," Kenneth Roth, the organization's executive director, blasts such leaders as Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan, Hosni Mubarak of Egypt, Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia and Vladimir Putin of Russia. Roth accuses them of finding "utility in holding electoral charades to legitimize" their reigns.'

January 2006: And there is Egypt, one of the most problematic places for the Bush democracy push. When President Hosni Mubarak agreed to let challengers run against him for the first time, a visiting Laura Bush praised the 'wise and bold' move. But shortly after she left, Mubarak supporters orchestrated attacks on democracy demonstrators. The presidential election was manipulated, and a subsequent parliamentary election degenerated into violence and mass arrests.

November 2001: Born 1928. Became President of Egypt after the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in 1981.


RoleNameTypeLast Updated
Supervisor of (past or present) Succeeded by Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Person Feb 7, 2012
Supervisor of (past or present) Succeeded by Anwar Sadat Person Nov 15, 2007

Articles and Resources

28 Articles and Resources. Go to:  [Next 8]

Date Resource Read it at:
Nov 23, 2012 Clashes Break Out After Morsi Seizes New Power in Egypt

QUOTE: Protests erupted across Egypt on Friday, as opponents of President Mohamed Morsi clashed with his supporters over a presidential edict that gave him unchecked authority and polarized an already divided nation while raising a specter, the president’s critics charged, of a return to autocracy.

New York Times
Nov 21, 2011 Chaos, deja vu in Tahrir Square

QUOTE: Chaos reigned Monday in Cairo's Tahrir Square as demonstrators battled security forces, marking three days of bloody violence in Egypt's capital....But demonstrators are upset about a proposed constitutional principle that would shield the military's budget from scrutiny by civilian powers. They worry that the military would be shaped as a state within a state.

CNN (Cable News Network)
Jul 11, 2011 All Hail the (Democratic) King (Op-Ed)

QUOTE: ...Morocco’s July 1 constitutional referendum may be the most significant development in the Arab world all summer. For the first time since the Arab Spring began, a population broadly embraced its leader’s reforms and scaled back antigovernment demonstrations.

New York Times
Apr 25, 2011 Syria Escalates Crackdown as Tanks Go to Restive City

QUOTE: “The government has decided to choose the path of violence and repression…” Tanks had not previously been used against protesters, and the force of the assault suggested that the military planned some sort of occupation of the town.

New York Times
Apr 22, 2011 Lies and Videotape (Op-Ed)

QUOTE: For most authoritarian states, state news media, especially television, have helped leaders stay in power by creating a parallel reality for their populations and depriving dissenters of a wider audience.

New York Times
Apr 14, 2011 Egyptian Military to Review Cases of Jailed Protesters

QUOTE: “If they are retried in a military court there is no guarantee there will be a fair trial,” Ms. Morayef said. “All these people need to be retried in a civilian court and all peaceful protesters who were arbitrarily arrested should be immediately released and their charges dropped.”

New York Times
Apr 14, 2011 A Post reporter shares her perspective on hazards for female journalists abroad

QUOTE: Foreign female journalists face challenges most often in parts of the world where protections for women are weak even in peacetime… places where wives, mothers and daughters have few legal rights. Their lives often include forced marriage, genital mutilation, beatings and a long list of daily indignities that make the problems of first-world women seem negligible.

Washington Post
Apr 10, 2011 Prisoner of Damascus

QUOTE: The state of emergency… has extended the ruling elite’s authority into all spheres of Syrians’ public and private lives, and there is nothing to stop the regime from using this power to abuse the Syrian population… A search for equality, justice, dignity and freedom — not religion — is what compels Syrians to engage in protests today.

New York Times
Mar 26, 2011 Freedom's Painful Price

QUOTE: The army is as much in charge as ever, and it has taken over from the police the task of torturing dissidents… Heba Morayef of Human Rights Watch said that such exams were not customary in prisons and that the point was to humiliate female activists. “In this context, they’re sexual assaults,” she noted — but added that the military is above the law… “The revolution isn’t over yet,” Ms. Omran told me. “Freedom isn’t for free.”

New York Times
Mar 05, 2011 Women Fight to Maintain Their Role in the Building of a New Egypt

QUOTE: The challenge now, activists here say, is to make sure that women maintain their involvement as the nation lurches forward, so that their contribution to the revolution is not forgotten... It is an indication of the place of women here that Ms. Hassan was referring to the need for political gains and true equality, rather than some more basic rights denied to women in parts of the Arab world.

New York Times
Feb 20, 2011 Egyptians were Unplugged and Uncowed

QUOTE: The removal of the Internet by their government, they said, was a reminder that they were not free; not truly part of the wider world that they know so well thanks to technologies like the Web.

New York Times
Jan 29, 2011 Arab media revolution spreading change

QUOTE: Egyptians have overcome their fear of the police state....There is a direct line between this revolt and the Arab media revolution launched 15 years ago. One might even argue it is the inevitable result.

CNN (Cable News Network)
Jan 14, 2011 Joy as Tunisian President Flees Offers Lesson to Arab Leaders

QUOTE: The protests’ success gripped a region whose residents have increasingly complained of governments that seem incapable of meeting their demands and are bereft of any ideology except perpetuating power. The combustible mix that inspired them — economic woes and revulsion at corruption and repression — seemed to echo in so many other countries in the Middle East...

New York Times
Jun 26, 2009 Arab Activists Watch Iran And Wonder: 'Why Not Us?' (The View From Egypt )

QUOTE: Across the Arab world, Iran's massive opposition protests have triggered a wave of soul-searching and conflicting emotions. Many question why their own reform movements are unable to rally people to rise up against unpopular authoritarian regimes.

Washington Post
Feb 01, 2008 Rights Group Faults U.S. for Support of Autocrats

QUOTE: A leading human rights group said Thursday that the United States has lost its moral authority by supporting autocratic governments in strategic countries despite their continuing violations of civil liberties.

Washington Post
May 01, 2007 Egypt targets Web-savvy opponents: Activists say Abdel Moneim Mahmoud was arrested because he's a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and has a popular blog.

QUOTE: One of the widest-reaching crackdowns on political dissent is now ongoing in Egypt, largely focused on the Muslim Brotherhood, the country's most popular opposition group. Human Rights Watch (HRW) says that more than 1,000 members of the organization have been arrested in the past year for their peaceful political activism.

Christian Science Monitor
Aug 16, 2006 Muslim Myopia

QUOTE: those who claim to speak for Muslims have a responsibility to the majority, which wants to reconcile Islam with pluralism. Whatever their imperial urges, it is not for Tony Blair or George W. Bush to restore Islam’s better angels. That duty — and glory — goes to Muslims.

New York Times
May 19, 2006 Mubarak Rival Loses Freedom Bid

QUOTE: An appeals court on Thursday upheld the fraud conviction of Ayman Nour, the candidate who challenged President Hosni Mubarak and his 25 years of one-man rule in elections last year, effectively consigning the fiery lawyer to five years in prison.

Washington Post
Jan 25, 2006 The Realities of Exporting Democracy: A Year After Bush Recast Foreign Policy, Progress Remains Mixed

QUOTE: While the administration has enjoyed notable success in promoting liberty in some places, it has applied the speech's principles inconsistently in others ...Washington has stepped up pressure on repressive regimes in countries such as Belarus, Burma and Zimbabwe -- where the costs of a confrontation are minimal...

Washington Post
Dec 25, 2005 Egypt Jails Opposition Leader for 5 Years: Rights Groups Denounce Nour's Forgery Conviction as Politically Motivated

QUOTE: An Egyptian court on Saturday sentenced Ayman Nour, the lawyer and politician who challenged President Hosni Mubarak at the polls, to five years in prison on charges of forging petitions. Supporters and human rights groups denounced the conviction as an outrage.

Washington Post

28 Articles and Resources. Go to:  [Next 8]