Apple Computer, Inc.
- Homepage: http://www.apple.com/
February 2008: "Apple ignited the personal computer revolution in the 1970s with the Apple II and reinvented the personal computer in the 1980s with the Macintosh. Today, Apple continues to lead the industry in innovation with its award-winning computers, OS X operating system and iLife and professional applications. Apple is also spearheading the digital media revolution with its iPod portable music and video players and iTunes online store, and has entered the mobile phone market with its revolutionary iPhone."http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2008/02/05iphoneipodtouch.html
August 2002: "Apple ignited the personal computer revolution in the 1970s with the Apple II and reinvented the personal computer in the 1980s with the Macintosh. Apple is committed to bringing the best personal computing experience to students, educators, creative professionals and consumers around the world through its innovative hardware, software and Internet offerings." http://www.corporate-ir.net/ireye/ir_site.zhtml?ticker=aapl&script=11906&layout=7&item_id='index.htm'
February 2011: "SUZHOU, China — Last week, when Apple released its annual review of labor conditions at its global suppliers, one startling revelation stood out: 137 workers at a factory here had been seriously injured by a toxic chemical used in making the signature slick glass screens of the iPhone."http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/23/technology/23apple.html
November 2009: "But the love that consumers send Apple’s way could flag if the company puts into place new advertising technology it has developed. In an application filed last year and made public last month by the United States Patent and Trademark Office, Apple is seeking a patent for technology that displays advertising on almost anything that has a screen of some kind: computers, phones, televisions, media players, game devices and other consumer electronics."http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/15/business/15digi.html
July 2009: 'The Federal Communications Commission is examining a recent decision by Apple to reject an iPhone application developed by Google. On Friday, the commission sent letters to executives at Apple, Google and AT&T, which is the exclusive carrier for the iPhone in the United States, saying it was “interested in a more complete understanding of this situation.”'http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/01/technology/companies/01google.html
July 2009: 'But contrary to Apple’s claim that the new iPhone 3GS is more enterprise friendly, the new iPhone 3GS’ encryption feature is “broken” when it comes to protecting sensitive information such as credit card numbers and social-security digits, Zdziarski said.'http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2009/07/iphone-encryption/
July 2009: 'Regulators at the Federal Trade Commission have been investigating whether Google and Apple are violating antitrust laws by sharing two board members: Eric E. Schmidt, chief executive of Google, and Arthur D. Levinson, chief executive of Genentech. Under Section 8 of the Clayton Antitrust Act, companies with “interlocking directorates” face limits on sharing information through common board members.'http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/09/technology/companies/09apple.html
July 2009: "A new investigation into Chinese labor law disputes reveals that Apple still isn't immune to associations with manufacturing partners that aren't in compliance with laws designed to improve labor conditions for Chinese workers. Despite instigating a comprehensive auditing process after it was revealed that Foxconn—assembler of iPods—had serious problems with worker conditions, Apple's own investigations reveal that over half of the factories it audited last year didn't pay overtime, and a quarter paid less than mandated minimum wages. The widespread problems affect other companies as well, but also threaten to sully Apple's otherwise squeaky clean corporate image."http://arstechnica.com/apple/news/2009/07/labor-issues-in-china-continue-to-plague-apple-and-others.ars
April 2009: "TAIPEI — The Taiwanese company Elan Microelectronics has sued Apple, alleging infringement of two of its touch screen patents, an Elan spokesman said Wednesday."http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/09/technology/companies/09apple.html
April 2009: 'Laws that vary by state would no doubt be a headache for companies that sell products online across the country. In the coming days, Minnesota's House of Representatives is due to consider a bill introduced by Representative Jim Davnie that would levy a sales tax on digital downloads of e-books, music, movies, and even ringtones. The tax would affect a wide range of tech companies, including Microsoft (MSFT) and Apple (AAPL). "There's clear opposition from the IT industry," Davnie says. "Apple, Microsoft have been in my office." Microsoft declined to comment for this story. Apple couldn't immediately be contacted. Amazon.com Wants Tax Uniformity'http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/apr2009/tc20090426_510375.htm
June 2009: 'The timing of the transplant news, so close to the release of data on sales for the latest iPhone, suggests to Coffee that Apple—or people very close to it—were behind the information leak. Apple may have paired potentially negative news with positive developments to blunt the stock-market impact of the transplant information, Coffee speculates.'http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jun2009/tc20090622_877379.htm
June 2009: "SAN FRANCISCO — Silicon Valley was abuzz Wednesday with news that the Justice Department had begun an antitrust investigation into the hiring practices of some of the best-known companies in the technology and biotech industries, including Google, Apple, Yahoo and Genentech."http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/04/technology/companies/04trust.html
January 2009: 'Jobs's long-standing reluctance to discuss details of his ailment and prognosis has infuriated some investors, and, as expected, Apple's share price plunged yesterday. In the announcement, Jobs, 53, said he would be taking medical leave until the end of June. But, he said, "as CEO, I plan to remain involved in major strategic decisions while I am out."'http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/14/AR2009011402790.html
September 2008: "The rejections aren't the actual problem here, just as the iPhone's reception problems weren't the actual problem when they popped up in July. The problem is Apple's lack of communication with developers or the press when things go wrong. People want true explanations and clear guidelines. Needless to say, Apple didn't comment for this story; in fact, its representatives refuse to talk to me at all."http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2330580,00.asp
March 2008: "Microsoft may not be the only software company that uses secret techniques to make its own applications work better with its operating system - a Mozilla Firefox developer has discovered similar practices at Apple."http://techworld.com/applications/news/index.cfm?newsID=11588
February 2008: "Apple has had a FileVault disk encryption feature as an option in its OS X operating system since 2003. Microsoft added file encryption last year with BitLocker features in its Windows Vista operating system. The programs both use the federal government’s certified Advanced Encryption System algorithm to scramble data as it is read from and written to a computer hard disk. But both programs leave the keys in computer memory in an unencrypted form."http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/22/technology/22chip.html
September 2007: Apple has today stated that unlocking the iPhone is an official warranty violation. Further, they have stated that future iPhone firmware updates may damage unlocked iPhones. However, Apple may have violated an important federal warranty law in doing so. Click read more for full analysis.http://www.phonenews.com/content/view/2386/9/
September 2007: Software and legal experts said the European ruling might signal problems for companies like Apple, Intel and Qualcomm, whose market dominance in online music downloads, computer chips and mobile phone technology is also being scrutinized by the European Commission.http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/18/technology/18soft.html
September 2007: Record labels would also like to see some flexible pricing, Card said, but they have been unable to convince industry leader Apple, which stands by its price of 99 cents per track and has even broken off partnerships with companies rather than compromise on pricing.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/14/AR2007091402282.html
May 2006: 1. 'It's good to be king — but my reign may be coming to an end.' Since launching the iPod in 2001, Apple has been the undisputed leader in digital music players, owning 90 percent of the market. What has set the iPod apart is not only its hip, user-friendly design, but also its companion iTunes music store, the first online audio megamart, offering an ever-expanding catalog of songs for purchase at the click of a mouse. This two-pronged approach has given Apple a huge lead over competitors; so far the company has sold over 40 million iPods and more than a billion songs on iTunes. But the iPod's days at the top may be numbered.http://www.smartmoney.com/10things/index.cfm?story=june2006
January 2007: This drama begins in 2004, when Mac fan sites AppleInsider and PowerPage reported the technological details about a product codenamed 'Asteroid.' Apple sought the identity of the sources who leaked the information by filing suit against the bloggers, and subpoenaed their email records from email service provider Nfox.com. The company claimed that the reports violated California's trade secret laws.http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/2007/01/30/apple-ordered-to-pay-legal-fees-for-bloggers
January 2007: There's absolutely nothing in the GAAP requirements that says Apple must charge its customers for that software upgrade. The only requirement imposed by GAAP is that Apple must account for the separate value of the 802.11n capability, said MIT's LaFond. It can do this by creating a value at the time of purchase or it can wait until it delivers that capability to record all the revenue associated with the product. Now on News.com:http://cnn-cnet.com.com/Apples+802.11n+accounting+conundrum/2100-1044_3-6151790.html
January 2007: Apple has essentially blamed former chief financial officer Fred Anderson and former general counsel and board secretary Nancy Heinen, both of whom are no longer with the company. But Apple makes clear that Jobs was directly involved in some instances of backdating. The investigation 'found that CEO Steve Jobs was aware or recommended the selection of some favorable grant dates.' The committee hastens to add that Jobs 'did not receive or financially benefit from these grants or appreciate the accounting implications.' In other words, he didn't recommend backdating his own option grants. Still, given that (a) backdating helps make earnings look better than they are; and (b) Jobs is a huge shareholder of Apple (10.12 million shares, as of last April), how could he not benefit from this behavior?http://www.slate.com/id/2157160
December 2006: Apple Computer disclosed yesterday that it had falsified approval of 7.5 million stock options for its chief executive and innovative co-founder, Steve Jobs, raising new questions about the role he may have played in a scandal that has swirled around the dynamic technology company for months.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/29/AR2006122900253.html
October 2006: Jobs was aware 'in a few instances' that unnamed company executives had gone back in time to cherry-pick dates when stock prices were low to increase the likelihood that employees would turn greater profits. But Jobs did not 'receive or otherwise benefit from these grants,' the Cupertino, Calif., company said in a statement after the markets closed.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/04/AR2006100401376.html
January 2005: Apple Computer's lawsuit against a Web site that published details of forthcoming Mac products raises troubling First Amendment questions, media experts say.http://news.com.com/2100-1047_3-5519311.html
Role Name Type Last Updated Status/Name Change to Apple Organization Mar 4, 2008 Owner of (partial or full, past or present) Object Technology Licensing Corporation Organization Mar 3, 2010 Owner of (partial or full, past or present) Taligent Organization Mar 3, 2010 Organization Executive (past or present) Tim Cook Person Jan 21, 2009 Research/Analysis Subject Philip Elmer-DeWitt Person Mar 19, 2012 Research/Analysis Subject Adam C. Engst Person Jan 21, 2009 Opponent (past or present) Mark Fiore Person Apr 16, 2010 Organization Executive (past or present) Richard Gingras Person Feb 6, 2006 Organization Head/Leader (past or present) Founded/Co-Founded by Steven "Steve" P. Jobs Person Dec 30, 2006 Organization Executive (past or present) Dr. Alan Kay Ph.D. Person Aug 10, 2011 Advised by (past or present) Prof. Richard Locke Ph.D. Person Aug 9, 2015 Organization Executive (past or present) Thomas McInerney Person Sep 27, 2006 Opponent (past or present) Jason D. O'Grady Person May 30, 2006 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Steve Perlman Person Jan 13, 2008 Advised by (past or present) Lawrence Sonsini Esq. Person Jul 27, 2006 Founded/Co-Founded by Steve Wozniak Person Dec 9, 2005
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: May 19, 2006 The Corporate Brush-Off
QUOTE: Who out there has not had the infuriating experience of dealing with rude or indifferent agents of phone, computer, banking, Internet, health care and insurance companies?
Washington Post May 10, 2006 10 Things Your iPod Won't Tell You
QUOTE: At issue is Apple's proprietary format, which makes the iPod incompatible with other digital-music technology.
Smart Money Apr 17, 2006 The Fear Industry: Shameless self-promoters? Fear mongerers? Sure, security researchers aren't always model citizens, but business technology pros want them on the job.
QUOTE: Many researchers bring serious flaws to light, but others are all too willing to cash in on their cleverness by posting information about software vulnerabilities before vendors have a chance to patch their products. This shameless self-promotion of being the first to expose a key vulnerability can bring fame and consulting contracts. Other firms readily open up their checkbooks to pay hackers for dirt on flaws, doling out premiums for the worst flaws--ones that, say, Microsoft ends up rating critical.
InformationWeek Feb 10, 2006 Licenses, Families, and Apple
QUOTE: ...the Apple iTunes licensing scenario, which currently offers the worst of both worlds," wrote one reader. "It licenses each song to the user AND/OR the registered machine.
InfoWorld Nov 07, 2005 Legal Pressure Shutters Grokster: Recording Industry Cheers Move
QUOTE: Entertainment industry executives called the settlement a milestone in their ongoing legal battles to contain file-sharing, which is used by hundreds of millions of people around the world. The executives hope other services, such as Kazaa, Morpheus and LimeWire, will follow Grokster's lead.
Washington Post Oct 14, 2005 Samsung to Pay Fine in Antitrust Settlement: Firm Inflated Prices, Justice Department Says
QUOTE: The settlement is the second-largest criminal antitrust fine in history...
Washington Post Aug 27, 2005 Apple, Digital Music's Angel, Earns Record Industry's Scorn
QUOTE: Apple started its iTunes service in Japan without songs from the two major companies... leaving artists like Avril Lavigne, Beyoncé and Rob Thomas out of the catalog because the companies refused to license their music to iTunes... That gap in the Japanese music market... is considered a harbinger of what may await American consumers...
New York Times Aug 12, 2005 Mac Hacks Allow OS X on PCs
QUOTE: Companies such as Microsoft and Intel originally laid the groundwork for the TPM. The companies insist the chip is meant to verify trusted computers on a network and prevent malicious code from running on PCs....But critics have called the TPM an anti-competitive device that stifles innovation.
Wired Jul 21, 2005 Secrets to Good Hard-Drive Hygiene
QUOTE: ...until the last two years, there was a gap between the ever larger hard-disk drives that came with home computers and affordable methods to archive the gigabytes... That gap has closed as consumer backup software has added features to write archives directly to external hard drives and higher-capacity DVD burners.
New York Times Jun 14, 2005 Sony BMG Tries to Limit Copying of Latest CD's
QUOTE: "The world's second-biggest music corporation is rolling out its latest answer to digital piracy. The company, Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which is owned by Sony and Bertelsmann, is outfitting a broad selection of its latest CD's with software that restricts copying."
New York Times Jan 14, 2005 Teen Web Editor Drives Apple to Court Action: Product Leaks Draw Suit
QUOTE: ...scored yet another scoop...the computer maker filed a lawsuit accusing him of illegally misappropriating trade secrets.
Washington Post Jan 11, 2005 Free Speech, or Secrets From Apple?
QUOTE: ...bloggers ought to be extended the same protections as mainstream journalists, who have traditionally been given some latitude by the courts in protecting the identities of confidential sources.
New York Times Jan 10, 2005 Apple suit tests First Amendment
QUOTE: Apple's suit is part of a disturbing trend in which businesses and government are suing media outlets to uncover leaks.
News.com Jul 31, 2004 Is Real's 'hacking' of iPod legal?
QUOTE: Code-crackers risk fines and prison time when they defeat copy-protection technology, but such draconian rules likely don't apply in the case of RealNetworks and its iPod "hack," legal experts said. RealNetworks recently reverse engineered--or, as Apple has it, "hacked"--Apple's Fairplay software.
News.com Jan 23, 2003 Tech firms fight copy-protection laws
QUOTE: Technology groups are going on the offensive against Hollywood in a bitter dispute over a call for government-mandated copy protection.
CNET Oct 01, 2002 *HOLD OFF FOR NOW*Steal Your Interface: A History
QUOTE: In this familiar scheme, Apple gets most of the credit for today's graphical user interfaces....But many standard features came from a different, unacknowledged source: knowledgeable users and small, independent software developers.
Wired Aug 14, 2002 Rights Group Rates Gay-Friendly Firms
QUOTE: Hundreds of companies have embraced gay-friendly personnel policies in recent years, according to a report released yesterday by the Human Rights Campaign.
Washington Post Jul 03, 2002 Can Tech Avoid the Taint of Corruption?
QUOTE: It's sometimes hard to keep the faith, but my instincts tell me that most of the prominent leaders of tech [companies]are clean.
Fortune Jun 25, 2001 The Great CEO Pay Heist
QUOTE: ...in recent years, pay [for CEOs] has ballooned into nine-figure totals, almost defying comprehension.
Fortune Nov 17, 1999 DOUBLE-CROSSED: Silicon Valley entrepreneurs say they have been betrayed by venture capitalists and lawyers, the very people they asked for help
QUOTE: The power of Silicon Valley's top venture capitalists is rivaled only by the elite attorneys who represent them, the partners at megafirms that also represent virtually all of high-tech's largest corporations. Inexperienced entrepreneurs hire these firms at their peril, often discovering that the attorneys have sold them out for more profitable clients.
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