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IBM Corporation (International Business Machines)


Self Description

October 2007:

  • Revenue: $91.4 billion, Net Income: $9.4 billion, Earnings per share: $6.06, Total Assets: $103.2 billion. (2006 year-end from continuing operations) IBM has 355,766 employees worldwide, and serves customers in 170 countries. (2006)
  • In 2006 IBM invested $6.1 billion in Research and Development.
  • IBM's net 2006 cash investment of $3.8 billion for 13 acquisitions — nine of them in key strategic areas of software — was up $2.3 billion year to year.
  • In January 2006, the United States Patent and Trademark Office reported that IBM earned more patents than any other company for the thirteenth consecutive year. In 2005, IBM earned 2,941 patents -- 1,100 more patents than any other company.
  • IBM is the world leader in IT services and consulting. With approximately 200,000 services professionals globally, the company's offerings include data center outsourcing, business transformation services, consulting, systems integration, application management services, infrastructure and system maintenance and Web hosting. (3/2007)
  • The world leader in server sales, IBM has improved its server market position by about 10 points since 2000. IBM leads in supercomputers, with 237 of the top 500 systems including number one, BlueGene/L, and four of the world's top five systems. (11/06)
  • Power Architecture microprocessors, custom designed and manufactured by IBM, run both the Nintendo Wii and Microsoft Xbox 360 game consoles. Sony PLAYSTATION 3 is powered by the Cell Broadband Engine, a nine-core Power Architecture chip manufactured by IBM and designed jointly by IBM, Sony, and Toshiba.
  • IBM procured $36 billion in goods and services globally in 2006. In October, 2006, IBM announced the relocation of its global procurement headquarters to Shenzhen, China as the company continues its strategy to draw more efficiently on its global capabilities and capitalize on emerging market opportunities.
  • Revenue: $91.4 billion, Net Income: $9.4 billion, Earnings per share: $6.06, Total Assets: $103.2 billion. (2006 year-end from continuing operations) IBM has 355,766 employees worldwide, and serves customers in 170 countries. (2006)
http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/background.wss

May 2004: "IBM is the world's largest information technology company, as well as the world's largest business and technology services provider ($36 billion);and the world's largest IT financier ($35 billion in assets). (3/03)"

http://www-1.ibm.com/press/PressServletForm.wss?MenuChoice=fastfacts&TemplateName=ShowFastFactsList&Menichoice=fastfacts

Third-Party Descriptions

July 2011: 'An awkward silence ensued. The blue suits did not even confer among themselves. They just sat there, stonelike. Finally, the chief suit responded. “OK,” he said, “maybe you don’t infringe these seven patents. But we have 10,000 U.S. patents. Do you really want us to go back to Armonk [IBM headquarters in New York] and find seven patents you do infringe? Or do you want to make this easy and just pay us $20 million?” After a modest bit of negotiation, Sun cut IBM a check, and the blue suits went to the next company on their hit list.'

http://blogs.forbes.com/timothylee/2011/07/07/microsofts-android-shakedown/

April 2010: "Consider the case of IBM versus TurboHercules [1], a tiny open source company trying to make a living selling mainframe emulator software. TurboHercules and its supporters claim that IBM is using its considerable patent muscle to stifle competition and browbeat the little company and, by extension, the open source community. IBM sees TuboHercules as a knockoff artist seeking to cash in on billions of dollars of Big Blue R&D and characterizes it as a Microsoft proxy."

http://www.infoworld.com/d/the-industry-standard/has-ibm-turned-its-back-open-source-704

October 2009: "The Department of Justice has started a preliminary investigation into whether I.B.M. abused its monopoly position in the market for the mainframe computers, which remain vital to many of the world’s largest businesses."

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/08/technology/companies/08antitrust.html

July 2009: "For example, a system developed by Singapore's research agency lets advertising screens detect the genders of passers-by: it will soon be able to tell how old they are, too. IBM has worked on systems that can scan a crowd and estimate numbers, demographics, and where people are looking."

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17424-innovation-when-advertising-meets-surveillance.html

June 2009: 'With the explosion of low-cost chips, from Intel's Atom processor to low-power Wi-Fi sensors, just about everything is "getting smart" these days. There are known environmental benefits to this kind of cheap-and-easy digital intelligence, many of them heavily promoted by IBM as part of its Smarter Planet initiative. There's the smart grid, of course, which adds data-rich intelligence to the energy system, but there's also smart water, smart transportation (including rail, electric vehicles, and traffic), and even smart garbage. It's what Intel regularly describes as the "2%, 98%" rule—that operating info tech contributes only 2% of global carbon emissions and can be used to minimize the other 98%.'

http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jun2009/tc20090625_469445.htm

April 2009: 'I.B.M. plans to announce Monday that it is in the final stages of completing a computer program to compete against human “Jeopardy!” contestants. If the program beats the humans, the field of artificial intelligence will have made a leap forward.'

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/27/technology/27jeopardy.html

April 2009: 'IBM (IBM) is feeling the skills mismatch problem as it changes its focus to services and data analysis. On Apr. 28, Big Blue announced that it plans to add 4,000 specialists in what it calls "analytics." It hopes to get as many as possible by retraining, using some of its $1 billion-a-year training budget. Consultants who install software might learn to help companies spot patterns in their data to improve efficiency. But IBM is still laying off thousands of people who have no place in the new company. "It's really easy to find people that are 50% of what you are looking for," says Jim Spohrer, director of university programs at IBM. "It's really hard to find people that are 90% of what you are looking for. This is a real dilemma." DESCENDING THE ECONOMIC LADDER'

http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/09_19/b4130040117561.htm

June 2009: 'One measure of how badly the patent system needs reform: IBM, for years the company that's been assigned the greatest number of patents now says too many patents are being granted. IBM is also the leader in "business method" patents that the court could now invalidate. Several justices have doubted that software can be protected by patents. Industries from high-tech to biotech and financial services are watching the case of Bilski v. Doll with intense interest.'

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124502173891013805.html

March 2009: "I.B.M. maintains that it bought Platform for the company’s technology and talent, not to kill a competitive product."

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/23/technology/companies/23mainframe.html

February 2006: 'IBM won't reveal how much it spends on analyst services. John Mihalec, IBM's VP of analyst relations, acknowledges in an E-mail interview that research sponsored by vendors and conducted by analyst firms doesn't always sit well with technology buyers, particularly if they perceive that the research is trying to manipulate purchasing decisions. IBM stipulates that any research it commissions be distributed externally only if it contains "funded by IBM" on the cover page, Mihalec says.'

http://www.informationweek.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=178601879

October 2007: "A divided federal appeals court ruled yesterday that a human rights lawsuit filed against 50 major corporations that did business in South Africa under apartheid should be revived and reconsidered by the lower court that dismissed it.... The plaintiffs sued the corporations — among them Citigroup, General Electric, E. I. DuPont de Nemours, I.B.M., General Motors, Shell Oil and ExxonMobil — under the Alien Tort Claims Act..."

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/13/us/13apartheid.html

August 2007: In the 102-page ruling, the judge, Dale A. Kimball, also said Novell could force SCO to abandon its claims against I.B.M., which SCO had sued. Judge Kimball’s decision in favor of Novell could almost entirely undermine SCO’s 2003 lawsuit against I.B.M.

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/11/technology/11novell.html

July 2007: So I.B.M. has moved aggressively to tap the global labor pool, and it is increasingly using software to automate as much traditional services work as possible. Today, I.B.M. employs 53,000 people in India, up from 3,000 in 2002; in India, the salaries for computer programmers are still about a third of those in the United States. Over the same span, the company’s work force in the United States declined slightly, to 127,000 at the end of last year.

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/05/business/05outsource.html

June 2007: As part of a $12.5 billion stock repurchase, I.B.M. used a foreign subsidiary to buy back shares through foreign exchanges. The subsidiary then used the shares to pay its corporate parent in America for goods and services.

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/07/business/07tax.html

October 2005: But the downside of giving more to junior employees is that senior employees get less. When I.B.M. converted, it reduced the rate at which some employees of long standing would accrue benefits, touching off a firestorm. The company was sued, I.B.M. lost and the legal status of similar plans remains in doubt. The pension industry has been lobbying Congress to clarify the status of existing cash-balance plans, but neither the administration nor anyone on Capitol Hill has done so.

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/30/magazine/30pensions.html

Relationships

RoleNameTypeLast Updated
Opponent (past or present) Amdahl Organization May 3, 2010
Founder/Co-Founder of Computer Ethics Institute (CEI) Organization Jan 14, 2011
Status/Name Change from Informix Software Organization Jul 27, 2006
Status/Name Change to Lenovo Group Organization Feb 11, 2008
Status/Name Change from Lotus Organization Feb 27, 2008
Owner of (partial or full, past or present) Object Technology Licensing Corporation Organization Mar 3, 2010
Founder/Co-Founder of Open Invention Network (OIN) Organization May 14, 2007
Owner of (partial or full, past or present) Taligent Organization Mar 3, 2010
Opponent (past or present) TurboHercules Organization Apr 21, 2010
Organization Executive (past or present) Erich Bloch Person Apr 4, 2004
Cooperation (past or present) Opponent (past or present) Roger Bowler Person Apr 21, 2010
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Prof. Lynn Conway Ph.D. Person Aug 24, 2007
Organization Head/Leader (past or present) Louis V. Gerstner Jr. Person Oct 22, 2007
Organization Executive (past or present) Ray Ozzie Person Feb 27, 2008
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Savio Rodrigues Person May 28, 2010
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Mark Russinovich Ph.D. Person Dec 16, 2005
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Alan F. Shugart Person Jul 27, 2006
Organization Executive (past or present) John W. Thompson Person Nov 27, 2005
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Gov. Scott Walker Person Jan 25, 2011
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Dan J. Warmenhoven Person Dec 27, 2008
Organization Executive (past or present) Phil White Person Jul 27, 2006

Articles and Resources

59 Articles and Resources. Go to:  [Next 20]   [End]

Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at:
Jan 25, 2012 In China, Human Costs Are Built Into an iPad

QUOTE: workers assembling iPhones, iPads and other devices often labor in harsh conditions, according to employees inside those plants, worker advocates and documents published by companies themselves. Problems are as varied as onerous work environments and serious — sometimes deadly — safety problems....More than half of the suppliers audited by Apple have violated at least one aspect of the code of conduct every year since 2007, according to Apple’s reports, and in some instances have violated the law.

New York Times
Sep 08, 2011 Fighting Backlog in Patents, Senate Approves Overhaul

QUOTE: The Senate approved a sweeping reform of the nation’s patent laws on Thursday, sending to President Obama a bill that changes the system for determining priority for inventions at the patent office and provides more financing for an agency beset by application backlogs and outdated computer systems. After rejecting proposed amendments to a bill approved by the House last June, the Senate voted 89 to 9 to pass the bill, completing an effort of at least six years to overhaul the patent office’s operations and the procedures by which patents can be challenged.

New York Times
Jul 08, 2011 As Same-Sex Marriage Becomes Legal, Some Choices May Be Lost

QUOTE: Now that same-sex marriage has been legalized in New York, at least a few large companies are requiring their employees to tie the knot if they want their partners to qualify for health insurance....But some gay and lesbian advocates are arguing that the change may have come too soon: some couples may face complications, since their unions are not recognized by the federal government.

New York Times
Jul 07, 2011 Microsoft’s Android Shakedown

QUOTE: Convincing engineers to pay more attention to patent applications necessarily means that they spend less time doing useful work, and that can be fatal to a young startup....The result is a transfer of wealth from young, growing, innovative companies like Google to mature, bureaucratic companies like Microsoft and IBM—precisely the opposite of the effect the patent system is supposed to have.

Forbes
Jul 06, 2011 We Knew They Got Raises. But This?

QUOTE: examination of executive pay in 2010...the median pay for top executives at 200 big companies last year was $10.8 million. That works out to a 23 percent gain from 2009.

New York Times
Apr 15, 2010 Has IBM turned its back on open source?

QUOTE: Consider the case of IBM versus TurboHercules, a tiny open source company trying to make a living selling mainframe emulator software. TurboHercules and its supporters claim that IBM is using its considerable patent muscle to stifle competition and browbeat the little company and, by extension, the open source community. IBM sees TuboHercules as a knockoff artist seeking to cash in on billions of dollars of Big Blue R&D and characterizes it as a Microsoft proxy.

InfoWorld
Feb 17, 2010 Turning Patents Into ‘Invention Capital’

QUOTE: Admirers of Mr. Myhrvold, the scientist who led Microsoft’s technology development in the 1990s, see an innovator seeking to elevate the economic role and financial rewards for inventors whose patented ideas are often used without compensation by big technology companies. His detractors see a cynical operator deploying his bulging patent trove as a powerful bargaining chip, along with the implied threat of costly litigation, to prod high-tech companies to pay him lucrative fees.

New York Times
Nov 04, 2009 Cuomo Files Federal Antitrust Suit Against Intel

QUOTE: ...New York’s attorney general, Andrew M. Cuomo, filed a federal antitrust lawsuit Wednesday against Intel, the world’s largest chip maker.

New York Times
Oct 07, 2009 U.S. Begins Inquiry of I.B.M. in Mainframe Market

QUOTE: The Department of Justice has started a preliminary investigation into whether I.B.M. abused its monopoly position in the market for the mainframe computers...

New York Times
Jul 28, 2009 The Future of Cyber Security: Hackers Have Grown Up (Duel Perspectives)

QUOTE: In the old days, hackers were mostly kids and college-age acolytes sowing their wild oats before joining the establishment. Today, the best hackers have the skill and discipline of the best legitimate programmers and security gurus. They're using mind-bending obfuscation techniques to deliver malicious code from hacked websites undetected.

Wired
Jul 15, 2009 Labor issues in China continue to plague Apple and others

QUOTE: A new investigation into Chinese labor law disputes reveals that Apple still isn't immune to associations with manufacturing partners that aren't in compliance with laws designed to improve labor conditions for Chinese workers.

Ars Technica
Jul 07, 2009 When advertising meets surveillance (IInnovation)

QUOTE: With electronic billboards, processing power, cameras and other sensors becoming ever cheaper, it's become possible to manufacture products that allow web-like targeting in the real world.

New Scientist
Jun 25, 2009 Are Smarter Gadgets Good for the Planet?

QUOTE: Intel regularly describes as the "2%, 98%" rule—that operating info tech contributes only 2% of global carbon emissions and can be used to minimize the other 98%....The widely cited 2% figure looks only at the energy impacts of IT equipment as it's being operated, not as it's being manufactured.

BusinessWeek
Jun 15, 2009 Why Technologists Want Fewer Patents: We shouldn't grant monopolies on concepts.

QUOTE: This month, the Supreme Court agreed to reconsider what can be patented. At stake are tens of thousands of existing patents and a rethinking of why we have patent protections in the first place.

Wall Street Journal, The (WSJ)
May 11, 2009 Tax Dodge Myths: Are multinationals not paying their fair share? ( Judgment Calls)

QUOTE: But the reality is murkier; the president's accusatory rhetoric [against multinational corporations] perpetuates many myths [of them not being fair].

Newsweek
Apr 30, 2009 Help Wanted, Unfortunately

QUOTE: the U.S. economy has created serious mismatches between workers and employers. People thrown out of shrinking sectors such as construction, finance, and retail lack the skills and training for openings in growing fields including education, accounting, health care, and government. At the same time, the worst housing bust in decades has left the unemployed frozen in place. They can't move to get work because they can't sell their homes.

BusinessWeek
Apr 26, 2009 Computer Program to Take On ‘Jeopardy!’

QUOTE: The team is aiming not at a true thinking machine but at a new class of software that can “understand” human questions and respond to them correctly. Such a program would have enormous economic implications.....The new bid is based on three years of work by a team that has grown to 20 experts in fields like natural language processing, machine learning and information retrieval.

New York Times
Mar 22, 2009 Rivals Say I.B.M. Stifles Competition to Mainframes

QUOTE: The Computer and Communications Industry Association... described the Platform deal [I.B.M. buyout of rival] as “a clear attempt by I.B.M. to purchase a company solely to foreclose competition in the mainframe marketplace..."

New York Times
Mar 05, 2009 Piecemeal Layoffs Avoid Warning Laws

QUOTE: These unannounced cuts [At IBM], labor experts say, raise issues of disclosure and the treatment of workers. They argue that the federal law requiring warning of certain kinds of layoffs should be overhauled to cover smaller job cuts.

New York Times
Nov 20, 2008 Hurt by Losses, Pension Funds Criticize Rules

QUOTE: Stung by outsize investment losses, some of the nation’s biggest companies are pushing Congress to roll back rules requiring them to put more money into their pension funds, just two years after President Bush signed a law meant to strengthen the pension system....With cash now in short supply for companies, they are asking Congress to excuse them from having to replenish the required amounts.

New York Times

59 Articles and Resources. Go to:  [Next 20]   [End]