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International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)

Self Description

July 2007: "The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was established by Security Council resolution 827. This resolution was passed on 25 May 1993 in the face of the serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991, and as a response to the threat to international peace and security posed by those serious violations."

Third-Party Descriptions

July 2011: 'Part of the difficulty stems from the fact that some countries do not criminalize sexual abuse of men, as this report (PDF) by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs documents. International humanitarian law criminalized rape in the twentieth century, but “prosecution was nonexistent” during the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials. The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and its Rwandan counterpart (ICTR) included rape in the category of crimes against humanity, war crime, and genocide, but abuse against women earned harsher punishment than abuse against men.'

July 2008: "International courts – both the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Court of Justice (ICJ) – have characterized the incident as genocide. Two former Bosnian Serb military commanders have been convicted of war crimes for their involvement in Srebrenica, but the accused architects of the Bosnian Serb ethnic-cleansing strategy – Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic – remain at large."

February 2004: "Perhaps the final verdict on the Markale incident lies with the War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. Last month the court sentenced Bosnian Serb General Stanislav Galic to 20 years in prison for his part in the attacks on civilians, including the Markale massacre."


RoleNameTypeLast Updated
Owned by (partial or full, past or present) United Nations, The (UN) Organization Jul 3, 2007
Advised by (past or present) Prof. M. Cherif Bassiouni LL.B,LL.M,SJ.D Person Oct 13, 2007

Articles and Resources

Date Resource Read it at:
Jul 20, 2011 Stopping wartime sexual abuse - of men

QUOTE: the United Nations (UN) and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) “barely acknowledge” the pervasive sexual violence against men that occurs in modern war....of roughly 4,000 NGOs addressing wartime sexual violence, only 3% mentioned male victims (and usually only in passing).

CNN (Cable News Network)
Jul 11, 2008 Dutch court upholds U.N. immunity in genocide case: Plaintiffs plan to appeal, saying peacekeepers failed to protect their relatives in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.

QUOTE: Is the United Nations responsible if its peacekeepers fail to prevent genocide? No, decided a Dutch court Thursday in a case likely to be appealed. At issue is Europe's only genocide since World War II: the killing of some 8,000 Muslims in Srebrenica, Bosnia, 13 years ago this week. Last month, 6,000 plaintiffs filed a civil suit against the UN and the Dutch government in The Hague District Court. They argued that Dutch peacekeepers failed to protect their relatives in the 1995 massacre, which took place in a UN-declared safe zone.

Christian Science Monitor
Feb 05, 2004 Sarajevo massacre remembered

QUOTE: A mortar shell landed in the crowded market place just after noon, scything down the mainly civilian shoppers and traders between the tightly packed stalls...A report by United Nations peacekeepers at the time was inconclusive, although there have been persistent rumours that a secret UN report later pointed the finger of blame at the government.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Feb 23, 2001 3 Bosnian Serbs are Convicted in Wartime Rapes

QUOTE: In its first trial dealing exclusively with sexual violence, the United Nations war crimes tribunal today found three former Bosnian Serb soldiers guilty of raping and torturing Muslim women and girls. It also convicted two of the three men of enslaving their captives, the first time that an international tribunal has prosecuted and condemned sexual slavery.

New York Times