- Homepage: http://www.youtube.com/t/fact_sheet
September 2006: "YouTube is a place for people to engage in new ways with video by sharing, commenting on, and viewing videos. YouTube originally started as a personal video sharing service, and has grown into an entertainment destination with people watching more than 100 million videos on the site daily....
YouTube is currently serving 100 million videos per day, with more than 65,000 videos being uploaded daily. According to Hitwise, YouTube videos account for 60 percent of all videos watched online and people are spending an average of 17 minutes per session on the site. According to Nielsen NetRatings, YouTube has nearly 20M unique users per month....
YouTube was founded in February 2005 from a garage in Menlo Park, and development began immediately. We started a public preview in May of last year and officially launched the company and service in December 2005. YouTube has already grown to serve more than 100 million video views per day and is receiving more than 65,000 video uploads daily."http://www.youtube.com/t/fact_sheet
November 2012: "The live updates -- which include some graphic images -- also raise questions for Web companies like Twitter and Google, which owns YouTube, about what content they will allow to be posted to their sites. YouTube briefly removed a video that appeared to show an Israel strike on a car that killed a high-ranking member of Hamas. The company since has restored the video, according to a YouTube spokeswoman."http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/15/tech/social-media/twitter-war-gaza-israel/index.html
July 2010: 'In 2008, as part of a copyright suit, a federal judge ordered Google, which owns YouTube, to turn over to Viacom the viewing records of every video watched on YouTube, including the login names and computer addresses of every viewer. One corporation's efforts to enforce intellectual property rights turned out to pose a dramatic threat to the privacy of tens of millions of users. (Last month, the court summarily ruled in favor of YouTube against Viacom.) And not long ago, Congress created a "copyright czar" charged with mounting a "war on piracy." That war now threatens to turn government lawyers into snoops and enforcers on behalf of corporate interests.'http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/07/02/AR2010070202277.html
May 2010: "But increasingly, above and mixed throughout those search listings, Google presents links to its own services, like maps, YouTube videos, local business results and product search listings. Executives argue that providing these easily accessible results clearly benefits users. Rivals claim that this is self-serving, and that Google promotes its content even though there may be better material elsewhere."http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/23/technology/23goog.html
May 2010: 'ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN -- A simmering clash between free speech and religious sensibilities in Pakistan burst from the streets onto the Internet on Thursday, as the government blocked the video-sharing site YouTube and other pages it deemed "sacrilegious" to the nation's Muslim majority.'http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/05/20/AR2010052005073.html
September 2008: "Panda Security said it has uncovered a tool circulating in underground hacking forums, dubbed YTFakeCreator, that enables anyone to easily create a fake YouTube page that surreptitiously installs a Trojan, virus, or adware on a visitor's computer, said Ryan Sherstobitoff, chief corporate evangelist of Panda Security."http://news.cnet.com/8301-1009_3-10039974-83.html
July 2008: "The [DMCA} act requires the automatic removal of material a rights holder claims is infringing its copyrights. If it isn't removed, legal liability can be placed on YouTube or other video-sharing sites. But the act also allows the uploader -- in this case, the Pennsylvania mother of the dancing toddler -- to demand the video return online."http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2008/07/universal-says.html
July 2008: "Viacom and Google have reached an agreement about how information about YouTube users can be used as potential evidence in the ongoing copyright dispute."http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/07/15/google-will-protect-users-identity-from-viacom-this-time/index.html
July 2008: "The issue came up again last week when Google was ordered by a court to turn over records of activity on YouTube, including the user names and Internet Protocol (IP) addresses of people who watched videos. A judge agreed with Viacom that the records could assist its case arguing that YouTube has infringed on its copyrights."http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/07/07/the-privacy-risk-from-the-courts/index.html
July 2008: 'In that sense, Flickr, YouTube and other sites consider their reviews "checks and balances" against any community mob directed at unpopular speech — YouTube has pointedly refused to delete many video clips tied to Muslim extremists, for instance, because they didn't specifically contain violence or hate speech.'http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080706/ap_on_hi_te/tec_disappearing_freedoms
July 2008: "SAN FRANCISCO — A federal judge has ordered Google to turn over to Viacom its records of which users watched which videos on YouTube, the Web’s largest video site by far."http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/04/technology/04youtube.html
May 2008: "In the bad old days of YouTube — before the site meticulously filtered out unauthorized content — the television and movie studios used to complain vociferously that their work was being posted to the site without permission."http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/26/business/media/26redlasso.html
May 2008: "For a decent sense of which organizations are still hellbent on hand-swatting every mosquito in the copyright-violation forest, the new site YouTomb provides a valuable service. It’s a video-sharing joint, but only for videos that have been removed from YouTube — for supposed copyright violations. And other reasons."http://themedium.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/05/23/online-videos-grave-consequences/index.html
October 2007: YouTube, which has been sued by many parties for hosting videos alleged to violate copyright, this week started using a filter to try to identify such content before copyright holders notice it. A group of other content holders, including NBC Universal and Microsoft, yesterday announced standards for how companies should deal with material that people post online.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/18/AR2007101802453.html
March 2007: 'Because YouTube directly profits from the availability of popular infringing works on its site, it has decided to shift the burden entirely onto copyright owners to monitor the YouTube site on a daily or hourly basis to detect infringing videos and send notices to YouTube demanding that it 'take down' the infringing works,'' Viacom said in its suit.http://www.forbes.com/business/2007/03/13/youtube-viacom-google-tech-media-cx_lh_0313youtube.html
June 2007: "...YouTube has limited technology to keep offending clips from popping back up once they've been identified. And its 10-minute limit on clips prevents the loading of whole shows."http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/07_24/b4038073.htm
March 2007: But YouTube is different, regulators decided, because essentially no money is required to broadcast through that platform. The FEC effectively declared YouTube a regulation-free zone. 'The rule is carefully tailored to avoid infringing on the free and low-cost uses of the Internet that enable individuals and groups to engage in political discussion and advocacy,' the FEC commissioners explained.http://archive.salon.com/news/feature/2007/03/27/youtube/index.html
March 2007: Google and YouTube say they comply with copyright law under the 'safe harbor' provision of DMCA. That provision exempts hosting companies such as YouTube from liability for infringing copyright if the website takes copyrighted material down once it is notified the video has been posted.http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0323/p02s02-usju.html
September 2006: "There's some validity to his comment, and to a separate one that BitTorrent (which has also joined with the MPAA) also can be used to find copyrighted files. BitTorrent is a protocol, however. YouTube, moreover, mainly hosts clips of files, not the whole enchilada. I'm not going to claim YouTube is offering a "fair use" defense..."http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1895,2019308,00.asp
Role Name Type Last Updated Owned by (partial or full, past or present) Organization Jul 4, 2010
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Nov 16, 2012 Will Twitter war become the new norm?
QUOTE: The military's live spin about the strike, and Hamas' response on a separate Twitter feed, have been called an unprecedented use of social media. BuzzFeed wrote that it "may well be the most meaningful change in our consumption of war in over 20 years." It's raising questions about the ethics and implications of live-tweeting a violent conflict.
CNN (Cable News Network) Apr 27, 2011 Great Leap Backward
QUOTE: First, the government is arresting not only dissidents and Christians but also their family members and even their lawyers. Second, after a long period in which police would torture working-class prisoners but usually not intellectuals, the authorities are again brutalizing white-collar dissidents.
New York Times Apr 27, 2011 India Puts Tight Leash on Internet Free Speech
QUOTE: Even before the new rules… India has periodically tried to restrict speech on the Internet… The rules do not provide a way for content producers to defend their work or appeal a decision to take content down.
New York Times Apr 26, 2011 Between Torment and Happiness
QUOTE: “I don’t care if you dress like a guy or a girl or anything, I feel like people should not have to be afraid to go out of their house…” A week before the attack, Maryland’s Senate shelved a measure extending anti-discrimination protections to people who openly change their gender identity.
New York Times Apr 19, 2011 Freedom on the Net 2011
QUOTE: A large number of governments are also engaging in deliberate efforts to block access to information related to politics, social issues, and human rights.
CNN (Cable News Network) Apr 13, 2011 TSA, Congress vow to review pat-down of 6-year-old girl
QUOTE: The incident, recorded and posted on YouTube by her parents... is “another example of mistreatment of an innocent American at the hands of TSA."
Washington Post Mar 31, 2011 Antitrust Cry From Microsoft
QUOTE: The litany of particulars in Microsoft’s complaint… includes claims of anticompetitive practices by Google in search, online advertising and smartphone software. But a central theme, Microsoft says, is that Google unfairly hinders the ability of search competitors — and Microsoft’s Bing is almost the only one left — from examining and indexing information that Google controls, like its big video service YouTube.
New York Times Mar 27, 2011 Ethical Quandary for Social Sites
QUOTE: The photos had been removed because he did not take the images himself, a violation of the site’s community rules… “That is totally ludicrous,” he said. “Flickr is full of accounts with photos that people did not take themselves.” Human rights advocates have also criticized Facebook for not being more flexible with some of its policies, specifically its rule requiring users to create accounts with their real names.
New York Times Mar 22, 2011 Race Issues Rise for Miami Police
QUOTE: Miami has a long history of racially charged police shootings, some of which combusted into deadly riots and Justice Department inquiries that ended with police officers in prison. The pattern this time is familiar: All seven men who were fatally shot by the police were African-American; the police officers who shot them are all Hispanic.
New York Times Mar 21, 2011 Google says Gmail problems designed by Chinese government
QUOTE: "There is no technical issue on our side. We have checked extensively," said a Google spokesperson. "This is a government blockage carefully designed to look like the problem is with Gmail…” The word "Jasmine" and terms relating to the anti-government protests in the Middle East can no longer be searched for on the country's microblogs. China has also responded by arresting activists, harassing foreign journalists and deploying large police forces to prevent unrest.
InfoWorld Oct 12, 2010 The Internet and the death of ethics (Workers' Edge)
QUOTE: The fight for an ethical Internet may be a lost cause, if only because people's moral compasses appear to be irreparably damaged....I'm starting to think there are no ethics in business--my own experience does not refute this assertion. It could be that the lack of negative consequences for immoral, unethical behavior is perceived as tacit approval of such activities.
CNET Jul 04, 2010 Adrian Johns's "Piracy: The Intellectual Property Wars From Gutenberg to Gates"
QUOTE: In his invaluable book "Piracy," Adrian Jones argues that the tendency of intellectual property battles to undermine privacy is not new. On the contrary, Johns, a history professor at the University of Chicago, argues that ever since the medieval and Enlightenment eras, corporations have tried to defend their economic interests by searching for intellectual piracy in the private sphere of people's homes.
Washington Post May 21, 2010 Pakistan blocks YouTube a day after shutdown of Facebook over Muhammad issue
QUOTE: A simmering clash between free speech and religious sensibilities in Pakistan burst from the streets onto the Internet on Thursday, as the government blocked the video-sharing site YouTube and other pages it deemed "sacrilegious" to the nation's Muslim majority.
Washington Post May 21, 2010 Sure, It’s Big. But Is That Bad?
QUOTE: “The government is finally onto the notion that they have to start asking questions about Google,” he said. “Google started off saying they were going to treat everything on the Web neutrally. That is the basis on which they secured dominance. And now they’ve changed the rules.”
New York Times Oct 19, 2009 Exclusive: U.S. Spies Buy Stake in Firm That Monitors Blogs, Tweets (Danger Room)
QUOTE: In-Q-Tel, the investment arm of the CIA and the wider intelligence community, is putting cash into Visible Technologies, a software firm that specializes in monitoring social media. It’s part of a larger movement within the spy services to get better at using ”open source intelligence” — information that’s publicly available...
Wired Aug 21, 2009 Worldwide battle rages for control of the internet
QUOTE: By reinforcing their efforts to monitor activity online, they [governments] hope to deprive dissenters of information and the ability to communicate.
New Scientist Aug 08, 2009 Where Have You Gone, Joe the Citizen?
QUOTE: The traditional town hall meeting, a staple of Congressional constituent relations, had been hijacked, overrun by sophisticated social-networking campaigns [to protest healthcare reform]...
New York Times Aug 07, 2009 Professor Main Target of Assault on Twitter
QUOTE: The cyberattacks Thursday and Friday on Twitter and other popular Web services disrupted the lives of hundreds of millions of Internet users, but the principal target appeared to be one man: a 34-year-old economics professor from the republic of Georgia.
New York Times Jul 12, 2009 How the Media Wrestle With the Web (Link by Link)
QUOTE: In short, where it involved describing the Neda video or repeating what was being reported from Tehran via blogs or Twitter, traditional news outlets were willing to recognize that what was appearing online was newsworthy — if only for the reactions it was causing among the public in Iran and abroad.
New York Times May 04, 2009 Should the White House Be a Place for Friends? (Bits)
QUOTE: There are some real questions about how the government will deal with the personal information it will get access to about people who befriend it online, questions that so far the White House and G.S.A. don’t have full answers to.
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