Non-US systems: International Law
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Jun 05, 2016 Panama Papers Show How Rich United States Clients Hid Millions Abroad
QUOTE: These transactions and others like them for a stable of wealthy clients from the United States are outlined in extraordinary detail in the trove of internal Mossack Fonseca documents known as the Panama Papers. The materials were obtained by the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, and have now been shared with The New York Times. In recent weeks, the papers’ revelations about Mossack Fonseca’s international clientele have shaken the financial world. The Times’s examination of the files found that Mossack Fonseca also had at least 2,400 United States-based clients over the past decade, and set up at least 2,800 companies on their behalf in the British Virgin Islands, Panama, the Seychelles and other jurisdictions that specialize in helping hide wealth.
New York Times Jan 20, 2014 Gruesome Syria photos may prove torture by Assad regime
QUOTE: The bodies in the photos showed signs of starvation, brutal beatings, strangulation, and other forms of torture and killing....A complex numbering system was also used to catalog the corpses, with only the relevant intelligence service knowing the identities of the corpses. It was an effort, the report says, to keep track of which security service was responsible for the death, and then later to provide false documentation that the person had died in a hospital.
CNN (Cable News Network) Oct 18, 2013 US drone strikes violate international law, says UN: Report says 33 CIA attacks led to civilian deaths and casualties and says US protocols are 'hurdle to transparency'
QUOTE: A United Nations investigation has so far identified 33 drone strikes around the world that have resulted in civilian casualties and may have violated international humanitarian law. The report by the UN's special rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism, Ben Emmerson QC, calls on the US to declassify information about operations co-ordinated by the CIA and clarify its positon on the legality of unmanned aerial attacks.
Guardian Unlimited Nov 29, 2012 U.N. Assembly, in Blow to U.S., Elevates Status of Palestine
QUOTE: More than 130 countries voted on Thursday to upgrade Palestine to a nonmember observer state of the United Nations....The new status will give the Palestinians more tools to challenge Israel in international legal forums for its occupation activities in the West Bank, including settlement-building...
New York Times Apr 28, 2012 Buy Your Own Drone! Now Only $300 Online: We don’t need to imagine the future anymore.... In the dystopian reality of 2012, the drone can ruin your life in ways you never imagined.
QUOTE: independent data suggest that U.S. drones have killed hundreds of women and children. That should be no surprise, since the CIA is using the same forms of intelligence that landed 779 people in Guantánamo Bay, more than 80 percent of whom were subsequently shown not to be terrible terrorists. The intel the agency relies on is purchased by offering bounties to people who would sell their own grandmothers for half the price.
The Daily Beast Mar 14, 2012 Domain seizures for copyright infringement likely to go global
QUOTE: Efforts to take down websites for copyright infringement are likely to move beyond U.S.-based registries, with ICANN (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) promising to more closely cooperate with global law enforcement agencies and governments.
Computerworld Feb 12, 2012 Malaysia deports Saudi journalist Hamza Kashgari
QUOTE: Malaysian authorities have deported a Saudi journalist accused of insulting the Prophet Muhammad in a tweet. Police confirmed to the BBC that Hamza Kashgari was sent back to Saudi Arabia on Sunday despite protests from human rights groups.
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Feb 08, 2012 Business Owners Adjusting to Overhaul of Patent System
QUOTE: The most sweeping patent system changes in more than 50 years became law in September with enactment of the America Invents Act, which the White House has said will help turn inventions into businesses faster. Entrepreneurs and small-business owners who rely on the patent system to protect their intellectual property are just starting to understand the changes, which phase in over an 18-month period that ends in March 2013.
New York Times Oct 25, 2011 Death of U.S. teenager in drone strike stokes debate
QUOTE: 'Proportionality' is at the heart of the argument....is it acceptable in law to carry out an attack against an identified terrorist suspect where others in his immediate vicinity - whose identities are unknown - are likely to be killed or injured?...
CNN (Cable News Network) Sep 30, 2011 U.S. drone killing of American al-Awlaki prompts legal, moral debate
QUOTE: The U.S. drone killing of American-born and -raised Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki, a major figure in al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, has re-energized a national debate over the legal and moral quandaries of a government deliberately killing a citizen.
CNN (Cable News Network) Sep 03, 2011 Turkey to challenge Gaza blockade at International Court of Justice: Turkish announcement appears to rebuff attempts by UN secretary general Ban Ki-Moon to end its row with Israel
QUOTE: Turkey is to challenge Israel's blockade on Gaza at the International Court of Justice....Ban said today that the two countries should accept the recommendations of a UN report that... Israel had used "excessive and unreasonable" force to stop the flotilla approaching Gaza, but that it was justified in maintaining a naval blockade on the Palestinian enclave.
Guardian Unlimited Jun 22, 2011 Nazi hunting: How France first "civilized" the Internet
QUOTE: France has long attempted to "civilize" the Internet out of things like racism and Nazi ideology by curbing their dissemination. In fact, the first battle in this war concluded a decade ago. The winner was France; the loser was the then-reigning giant of the Web—Yahoo—along with the notion that the Internet is a "global" place that inherently transcends national boundaries.
Ars Technica Jun 18, 2011 Is Omar Hassan al-Bashir Up to Genocide Again?
QUOTE: As is the case in most violent conflicts across the globe, civilians (men, women, children babies, elderly) suffer most grievously. This is particularly true in Sudan because of Bashir’s propensity for targeting an entire population of a region and not just those engaged in fighting his troops.
New York Times Jun 17, 2011 U.N. council passes gay rights resolution
QUOTE: In what the U.S. State Department is calling a "historic step," the U.N. Human Rights Council passed a resolution Friday supporting equal rights for all, regardless of sexual orientation. The resolution, introduced by South Africa, is the first-ever U.N. resolution on the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered persons.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 27, 2010 U.N. Official Set to Ask U.S. to End C.I.A. Drone Strikes
QUOTE: Philip Alston, the United Nations special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, said Thursday that he would deliver a report on June 3 to the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva declaring that the “life and death power” of drones should be entrusted to regular armed forces, not intelligence agencies.
New York Times May 18, 2010 Somalia pirates' clash with Russian navy reveals a gap in rule of law
QUOTE: Pirates are hard to convict because evidence at sea is hard to collect, because ship captains have other priorities and because the nearest working courts, in Kenya and the Seychelles, are overwhelmed by pirate cases. Pirates are also being released because they are learning to work the international legal system...
Washington Post Apr 01, 2010 Serbia’s Honest Apology
QUOTE: The resolution, therefore, is a political landmark. And even if it fails to mention “genocide,” it makes it still harder to insist that the massacre never happened or that the number of victims has been grossly inflated. Yet the Serbian government finds itself caught in a position of being damned if you do, damned if you don’t.
New York Times Oct 22, 2009 In Iraq, battling an internal bane: Spate of crime underlines need to purge corruption, extremists from security forces
QUOTE: A recent spate of high-profile crimes... has forced [Iraqi] Interior Ministry officials to confront head-on the corruption within the ranks of the 663,000-strong security forces.
Washington Post Oct 19, 2009 How the Afghan Election Was Rigged
QUOTE: No one will ever know how Afghans voted in their country's presidential elections on Aug. 20, 2009. Seven weeks after the polling, the U.N.-backed Electoral Complaints Commission (ECC) is still trying to separate fraudulent tallies from ballots.
Time Magazine Oct 03, 2009 Questions on Executions Mount in India
QUOTE: The sensational case [of Indian police killing an innocent woman] has fed a heated national debate about the longstanding Indian police practice of killing suspects.
New York Times Sep 20, 2009 Diplomatic Immunity Leaves Abused Workers in Shadows
QUOTE: A July 2008 Government Accountability Office report identified 42 cases of abuse by diplomats over an eight-year period but emphasized that the actual number was probably higher.
Washington Post Sep 18, 2009 Frustrations Grow Among Slovakia's Hungarian Minority
QUOTE: fully five years after Hungary and Slovakia joined the European Union, Bratislava and Budapest suddenly find themselves squabbling over the ethnic Hungarian minority [in Slovakia].
Der Spiegel Sep 16, 2009 A third of Karzai votes may be fraudulent, EU official says: The EU's monitor for Afghanistan election suggests that 1.1 million of the incumbent president's votes must be investigated.
QUOTE: The Afghan elections... received another body blow Wednesday when the head of the European Union's election-monitoring commission said that as many as 1.1 million votes cast in the vote were "suspect."
Christian Science Monitor Sep 04, 2009 W.T.O. Says Aid to Airbus for A380 Was Illegal
QUOTE: A preliminary report by the World Trade Organization has found that Airbus received illegal subsidies for the $13 billion A380 superjumbo jet and several other airplanes, hurting Boeing in the battle for sales...
New York Times Aug 20, 2009 Splashing, and clashing, in murky waters: Piracy and private enterprise
QUOTE: for strategists grappling with the diminished safety of the world’s seas... figuring out a sensible and workable division of labour between navies and private firms is not easy.
Economist Aug 18, 2009 Mexico Drug Fight Fuels Complaints
QUOTE: Mexico’s fight against drug traffickers generated a sixfold increase in human rights complaints against the Mexican military between 2006 and 2008, and it is unclear that any of those complaints resulted in prosecutions, according to a State Department report on the effort.
New York Times Aug 13, 2009 Unleashing the laws of war: The Geneva conventions at 60
QUOTE: some inevitably question whether the Geneva conventions and their later protocols are really suited to today’s conflicts.
Economist Aug 11, 2009 How America Is Funding Corruption in Pakistan: Graft is on the rise in Islamabad, courtesy of the U.S. taxpayer.
QUOTE: For the last eight years, U.S. taxpayers' money has funded hardly any bona fide counterterrorism successes, but quite a bit of corruption in the Pakistani Army and intelligence services.
Aug 10, 2009 As Dubai's Glitter Fades, Foreigners See Dark Side: More Jailings, Prosecutions Follow Downturn
QUOTE: Dubai is still far more free and more predictable than most of its neighbors, but a chill has taken hold as property values tumble, jobs vanish and businessmen are detained.
Washington Post Aug 07, 2009 Corrupt Democracy in India
QUOTE: new reports documenting the pervasive abuses committed by the Indian police are providing firsthand evidence not only of warrantless arrests... but also the complicity of parties and political leaders who have turned police and paramilitary forces in a number of [Indian] states into bodyguard agencies and private armies.
Nation Aug 06, 2009 Struggling to hold up a bank: The trouble with nuclear fuel
QUOTE: all [efforts to get rid of nuclear missiles] will be in vain unless better ways can be found to deal with a practical problem as old as the nuclear age: how to stop nuclear technologies that can be used legitimately for making electricity from being abused for bomb-making. Efforts to tackle it are in a muddle.
Economist Aug 05, 2009 L.A. lawyer accused of fraud in pesticide litigation (Column One)
QUOTE: Here[Nicaragua], [the chemical] DBCP is more than a pesticide. It is a political movement. The forces of poverty and corruption cloud the most basic facts surrounding the claims. The truth that can be established is one that [Judge Victoria] Chaney alluded to in her ruling: If Nicaraguans truly were injured by DBCP a generation ago, what has happened since makes identifying the victims nearly impossible.
Los Angeles Times Aug 01, 2009 Space Junk: Earth is being engulfed in a dense cloud of hazardous debris that won't stop growing.
QUOTE: Experts calculate that debris will now strike one of the 900 active satellites in LEO every two or three years. For the first time, junk is the single biggest risk factor to equipment in some orbits.
Newsweek Jul 28, 2009 The Future of Cyber Security: Hackers Have Grown Up (Duel Perspectives)
QUOTE: In the old days, hackers were mostly kids and college-age acolytes sowing their wild oats before joining the establishment. Today, the best hackers have the skill and discipline of the best legitimate programmers and security gurus. They're using mind-bending obfuscation techniques to deliver malicious code from hacked websites undetected.
Wired Jul 16, 2009 On Speedboats, Legal Again, Albania’s Illicit Sex Trade Could Flare
QUOTE: the Albanian government three years ago barred all Albanian citizens from using speedboats, the favored transportation used by traffickers to get people out of the country. But the ban prompted loud protests from fishermen and people in the tourism industry, and in May it was reversed. Law enforcement and human rights officials are concerned that as a result, human trafficking may explode anew...
New York Times Jul 10, 2009 U.S. Inaction Seen After Taliban P.O.W.’s Died
QUOTE: After a mass killing... of Taliban prisoners of war by the forces of an American-backed warlord during the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan, Bush administration officials repeatedly discouraged efforts to investigate the episode...
New York Times Jul 09, 2009 Outsourcing torture: Extraction
QUOTE: Did the [British] government subcontract the removal of a man’s fingernails?
Economist Jul 02, 2009 Honduras Targets Protesters With Emergency Decree: Media in Country Also Feel Pressure
QUOTE: The new Honduran government clamped down on street protests and news organizations Wednesday as lawmakers passed an emergency decree that limits public gatherings following the military-led coup that removed President Manuel Zelaya from office.
Washington Post Jun 27, 2009 Cyberwar: U.S. and Russia Differ on a Treaty for Cyberspace
QUOTE: Any agreement on cyberspace presents special difficulties because the matter touches on issues like censorship of the Internet, sovereignty and rogue actors who might not be subject to a treaty. United States officials say the disagreement over approach has hindered international law enforcement cooperation, particularly given that a significant proportion of the attacks against American government targets are coming from China and Russia.
New York Times Jun 25, 2009 For Haitians deported from the US, an unlikely welcome-home committee: Haitian volunteers, including former criminal deportees, help new arrivals in a land many find hard to negotiate.
QUOTE: According to a report released last fall by the Haitian human rights organization Ecumenical Center for Human Rights, most criminal deportees left Haiti when they were younger than 8 years old and lived in the US for upward of four decades. Some have only distant family ties and speak little to no Creole.
Christian Science Monitor Jun 25, 2009 Global reach of Spain's courts curtailed: Spanish parliament passes law to limit judges from taking cases of torture or war crimes in other countries. Is this a blow for universal justice?
QUOTE: Spanish courts, the last holdout for trying crimes committed anywhere in the world, will now limit their reach...A joint press release from Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and the UGT trade union stated, "Spain is more concerned with not offending some powerful governments than with ending the impunity that criminals benefit from."
Christian Science Monitor Jun 23, 2009 As China Stirs Economy, Some See Protectionism
QUOTE: the Chinese government has quietly started adopting policies aimed at encouraging exports while curbing imports, even though China, as one of the world’s largest exporters, has aggressively criticized protectionism in other countries.
New York Times Jun 21, 2009 Police Unleash Force On Rally in Tehran: Obama, in Boldest Terms Yet, Presses Iran to Halt Violence Against Own People
QUOTE: Fiery chaos broke out in downtown Tehran on Saturday as security forces blocked streets and used tear gas, water cannons and batons to break up a demonstration against the reelection of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Security forces were seen firing warning shots into the air, but there were also unconfirmed reports that several people were hit by gunfire.
Washington Post Jun 18, 2009 Guatemalan Children In Limbo of Orphanages: Parents Push U.S. Officials to Help
QUOTE: Marcela and an estimated 700 other children are languishing in orphanages there [Guatemala] as their [adoption] cases wend through a maze of legal hurdles and bureaucratic snags.
Washington Post Jun 16, 2009 Economic downturn fuels human trafficking: Twelve more countries are on the US watch list this year for failing to combat trafficking, as the recession makes workers vulnerable to exploitation.
QUOTE: The economic downturn is adding a new dimension to the global problem of human trafficking... as workers desperate for income accept increasingly onerous conditions or fall prey to international cheap-labor rings.
Christian Science Monitor May 24, 2009 Spain's Judges Cross Borders in Human Rights Cases: U.S. Officials Among Targets
QUOTE: The judges have opened the cases by invoking a legal principle known as universal jurisdiction, which under Spanish law gives them the right to investigate serious human rights crimes anywhere in the world, even if there is no Spanish connection. International-law advocates have called the judges heroes for daring to hold the world's superpowers accountable.
Washington Post May 18, 2009 Advocacy Groups Seek Disbarment of Ex-Bush Administration Lawyers
QUOTE: A coalition of left-wing advocacy groups filed legal ethics complaints on Monday against 12 former Bush administration lawyers, including three United States attorneys general, whom the groups accuse of helping to justify torture. The coalition, called Velvet Revolution, asked the bar associations in four states and the District of Columbia to disbar the lawyers...
New York Times May 05, 2009 For Chinese parents, few answers on quake deaths one year later: Officials have intimidated citizens trying to find out why so many schools collapsed or to compile a list of all the children killed.
QUOTE: Allegations [all related to Chinese earthquake] of shoddy building practices and corruption go unanswered; the dead remain officially unnamed, despite private efforts to identify them; parents who have pressed their right to know have been beaten and imprisoned.
Christian Science Monitor Mar 19, 2009 Hijab debate lifts veil on limits of Norway's tolerance: A Muslim woman's request to wear a hijab with her police uniform has sparked national controversy.
QUOTE: the predominantly Christian [Norway] nation is plagued by a religious dilemma over the right of a Muslim woman to wear a hijab as part of her police uniform. ...the controversy highlights the latent fears of a nonpluralistic society, where 91 percent belong to the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Norway.
Christian Science Monitor Mar 19, 2009 Is access to clean water a basic human right?
QUOTE: A growing movement thinks so [that having access to clean water is a human right], saying it will guarantee that the poor have water. But at a water conference in Turkey, officials voice concern about implementing such a right.
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