Categories underneath African-Americans/Blacks:
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Jul 16, 2016 Philando Castile, Fatally Shot in His Car, Was a Magnet for Minor Traffic Stops
QUOTE: In a 13-year span, Philando Castile was pulled over by the police in the Minneapolis-St. Paul region at least 49 times, an average of about once every three months, often for minor infractions....The episode, to many, is a heartbreaking illustration of the disproportionate risks black motorists face with the police... growing national debate over racial bias in law enforcement.
New York Times Jul 12, 2016 The Near Certainty of Anti-Police Violence: By ignoring illegitimate policing, America has also failed to address the danger this illegitimacy poses to those who must do the policing.
QUOTE: 25-year-old Micah Xavier Johnson murdered five police officers in Dallas. This abhorrent act of political extremism cannot be divorced from American history—recent or old. In black communities, the police departments have only enjoyed a kind of quasi-legitimacy. That is because wanton discrimination is definitional to the black experience, and very often it is law enforcement which implements that discrimination with violence. A community consistently subjected to violent discrimination under the law will lose respect for it, and act beyond it.
Atlantic Online, The (Atlantic Monthly) Jul 10, 2016 Something more is required of us now. What?
QUOTE: How many politicians have been prosecuted for taking millions of dollars from private prisons, prison guard unions, pharmaceutical companies, oil companies, tobacco companies, the NRA and Wall Street banks and doing their bidding for them...Our entire political system is financed by wealthy private interests buying politicians and making sure the rules are written in their favor. But selling CDs or loose cigarettes? In America, that’s treated as a serious crime, especially if you’re black.
Medium Jul 09, 2016 Black Lives Matter Was Gaining Ground. Then a Sniper Opened Fire.
QUOTE: Inside Black Lives Matter, the national revulsion over videos of police officers shooting to death black men in Minnesota and Louisiana was undeniable proof that the group’s message of outrage and demands for justice had finally broken through....Black Lives Matter now faces perhaps the biggest crisis in its short history: It is both scrambling to distance itself from an African-American sniper in Dallas who set out to murder white police officers and trying to rebut a chorus of detractors who blame the movement for inspiring his deadly attack.
New York Times Jun 07, 2016 The Supreme Court Is Afraid of Racial Justice
QUOTE: 40 years ago Tuesday, the Supreme Court decided a pivotal case on race and equality whose legacy has profoundly shaped American race relations...The case, Washington v. Davis, involved the constitutionality of Test 21....a long American tradition — from grandfather clauses to literacy tests — of seemingly race-neutral measures functioning in a discriminatory manner. The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit found that Test 21’s grossly disproportionate impact on minority applicants violated the Equal Protection Clause. But when the case reached the Supreme Court, the justices disagreed.
New York Times Mar 04, 2015 Yes, Black America Fears the Police. Here’s Why. Shots were fired in Long Island, but there was no rush to call 911. It made perfect sense to ProPublica’s Nikole Hannah-Jones.
QUOTE: For those of you reading this who may not be black, or perhaps Latino, this is my chance to tell you that a substantial portion of your fellow citizens in the United States of America have little expectation of being treated fairly by the law or receiving justice. It’s possible this will come as a surprise to you. But to a very real extent, you have grown up in a different country than I have. As Khalil Gibran Muhammad, author of The Condemnation of Blackness, puts it, “White people, by and large, do not know what it is like to be occupied by a police force. They don’t understand it because it is not the type of policing they experience. Because they are treated like individuals, they believe that if ‘I am not breaking the law, I will never be abused.’”
ProPublica Dec 03, 2014 Wave of Protests After Grand Jury Doesn’t Indict Officer in Eric Garner Chokehold Case
QUOTE: A Staten Island grand jury on Wednesday ended the criminal case against a white New York police officer whose chokehold on an unarmed black man led to the man’s death, a decision that drew condemnation from elected officials and touched off a wave of protests....The decision came barely a week after a grand jury found no criminality in the actions of another white police officer, Darren Wilson, who shot and killed Michael Brown, an unarmed 18-year-old black man in Ferguson, Mo.
New York Times Sep 03, 2014 How municipalities in St. Louis County, Mo., profit from poverty
QUOTE: Jackson County has just 19 municipalities, and just 15 municipal courts — less than a quarter of municipalities and courts in St. Louis County. Some of the towns in St. Louis County can derive 40 percent or more of their annual revenue from the petty fines and fees collected by their municipal courts....white people didn’t just flee St. Louis, they used whatever tools were at their disposal to prevent black people from joining them, including race-restrictive deeds and covenants until they were struck down in 1947, segregation until it was struck down in 1954, real estate pacts, and finally zoning laws.
Washington Post Aug 22, 2013 U.S. Is Suing in Texas Cases Over Voting by Minorities
QUOTE: The Justice Department said it would file paperwork to become a co-plaintiff in an existing lawsuit brought by civil rights groups and Texas lawmakers against a Texas redistricting plan. Separately, the department said, it filed a new lawsuit over a state law requiring voters to show photo identification.
New York Times Jul 17, 2013 The Banality of Richard Cohen and Racist Profiling
QUOTE: But "Stop And Frisk" is not concerned with specific suspects, but with a broad class of people who are observed making "furtive movements."...[Cohen's words] hold that neither I, nor my twelve year old son, nor any of my nephews, nor any of my male family members deserve to be judged as individuals by the state. Instead we must be seen as members of a class more inclined to criminality. It does not matter that the vast, vast majority of black men commit no violent crime at all. Cohen argues that that majority should unduly bear the burden of police invasion, because of a minority who happens to live among us.
Atlantic Online, The (Atlantic Monthly) Jul 13, 2013 Law and Justice and George Zimmerman: The exoneration of Travyon Martin's killer is a stark reminder of the limitations of our judicial systems and the choices we make about the laws under which we li
QUOTE: what the acquittal of George Zimmerman means -- to the nation, to its rule of law, to its politics, to its racial divide, to its deadly obsession with guns, to Florida's ALEC-infused justice system, and to probably 100 other things....To me, on its most basic level, the startling Zimmerman verdict -- and the case and trial that preceded it -- is above all a blunt reminder of the limitations of our justice system. Criminal trials are not searches for the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. They never have been. Our rules of evidence and the Bill of Rights preclude it. Our trials are instead tests of only that limited evidence a judge declares fit to be shared with jurors, who in turn are then admonished daily, hourly even, not to look beyond the corners of what they've seen or heard in court.
Atlantic Online, The (Atlantic Monthly) Jul 05, 2013 After Ruling, States Rush to Enact Voting Laws
QUOTE: State officials across the South are aggressively moving ahead with new laws requiring voters to show photo identification at the polls after the Supreme Court decision striking down a portion of the Voting Rights Act. The Republicans who control state legislatures throughout the region say such laws are needed to prevent voter fraud. But such fraud is extremely rare, and Democrats are concerned that the proposed changes will make it harder for many poor voters and members of minorities — who tend to vote Democratic — to cast their ballots in states that once discriminated against black voters with poll taxes and literacy tests.
New York Times Dec 09, 2012 Same-Sex Issue Pushes Justices Into Overdrive
QUOTE: The speed with which the court is moving has some gay rights advocates bracing for a split decision. The court could strike down the federal law, the Defense of Marriage Act, saying that the meaning of marriage is a matter for the states to decide. At the same time, it could reject the idea that the Constitution requires states to allow same-sex marriage, saying that the meaning of marriage is a matter for the states to decide....However the court rules in the California case, its very decision to consider it is a change from the caution of an earlier era.
New York Times Nov 06, 2012 Study Looks at Bias in Celebration Penalty Calls
QUOTE: a study published in July in The Journal of Experimental Social Psychology by two researchers in psychology at Northwestern University tested the question of bias in unsportsmanlike conduct penalties called after touchdowns....“The same pattern of blacks being punished more than whites seems to hold true both in the N.F.L. and in this experiment,” Livingston said. “I would conclude that the results are generalizable to N.F.L. referees.”
New York Times Mar 26, 2012 Trayvon's killing and Florida's tragic past
QUOTE: No matter the state, the circumstances are eerily familiar: a slaying. Minimal police investigation. A suspect known to authorities. No arrest. Protests and outrage in a racially charged atmosphere. Florida is known for its amusement parks, beaches and pensioners from the North. But history bears out that Florida has been as much a part of the South and its vigilante-enforced racial caste system as Georgia and Alabama.
CNN (Cable News Network) Feb 21, 2012 Justices Take Up Race as a Factor in College Entry
QUOTE: In a 2003 decision that the majority said it expected would last for 25 years, the Supreme Court allowed public colleges and universities to take account of race in admission decisions...By agreeing to hear a major case involving race-conscious admissions at the University of Texas, the court thrust affirmative action back into the public and political discourse after years in which it had mostly faded from view.
New York Times Feb 09, 2012 Education Gap Grows Between Rich and Poor, Studies Say
QUOTE: Education was historically considered a great equalizer in American society, capable of lifting less advantaged children and improving their chances for success as adults....while the achievement gap between white and black students has narrowed significantly over the past few decades, the gap between rich and poor students has grown substantially during the same period.
New York Times Dec 21, 2011 Countrywide Will Settle a Bias Suit
QUOTE: The Justice Department on Wednesday announced the largest residential fair-lending settlement in history, saying that Bank of America had agreed to pay $335 million to settle allegations that its Countrywide Financial unit discriminated against black and Hispanic borrowers during the housing boom.
New York Times Dec 21, 2011 Racism Charges Put a Sport on Edge
QUOTE: The English Premier League is considered the world’s best club competition and features many of the top international players. Two-thirds are foreign-born. Racial sensitivity in the league has increased substantially in recent years, and the atmosphere is considered far more embracing than leagues in Spain and Italy. Yet, the Terry and Suárez cases indicate that English officials are still troubled by some abusive on-the-field behavior.
New York Times Nov 11, 2011 CNN Sets Off a Debate on Race and Technology
QUOTE: In the documentary, the blogger and venture capitalist Michael Arrington is shown saying “I don’t know a single black entrepreneur.”....Already, the program has people talking about a disparity that is often not broached in technology circles — the staggering lack of diversity in Silicon Valley
New York Times Nov 06, 2011 Silence following Williams's racial insult shows how little golf has changed
QUOTE: Twenty-one years ago the ugly Shoal Creek controversy was supposed to change the face of golf. The revelation that many of the country's top golf clubs had exclusionary membership practices based on race led to a period of painful self-examination for the sport....Woods remains the only African-American on Tour, and, as Williams made graphically clear, he is still defined by his blackness.
Golf Magazine Sep 08, 2011 The Lingering Injustice of Attica
QUOTE: FORTY years ago today, more than 1,000 inmates at Attica Correctional Facility began a major civil and human rights protest — an uprising that is barely mentioned in textbooks but nevertheless was one of the most important rebellions in American history....more than 500 state troopers burst in, riddling catwalks and exercise yards with thousands of bullets. Within 15 minutes the air was filled with screams, and the prison was littered with the bodies of 39 people — 29 inmates and 10 hostages — who lay dead or dying.
New York Times Jun 23, 2011 North Carolina hearing explores history of forced sterilization
QUOTE: After World War II, most states abolished their eugenics programs when it became clear that Nazi's used similar practices to further their ideals of racial purity. But the number of sterilizations in North Carolina peaked between 1950-1960...
CNN (Cable News Network) Jun 19, 2011 Some of Va.’s ‘Brown v. Board’ college grants go to whites
QUOTE: Half a century after many Virginia public schools shut their doors rather than accept black students, the state is offering college scholarships to compensate those whose education suffered in the era of “massive resistance” to desegregation. Among the recipients: white students.
Washington Post Jun 15, 2011 Around Tornado Deaths, a Nagging Tale of Shelter Denied
QUOTE: a bit of nastiness better forgotten, or judged never to have occurred at all....he says that he and his mother, Annette Singleton, both black, were turned away from a church shelter by a white woman on the afternoon of April 27, the day of the tornadoes.
New York Times Jun 13, 2011 Scientists Measure the Accuracy of a Racism Claim
QUOTE: physical anthropologists at the University of Pennsylvania, which owns Morton’s collection, have remeasured the skulls, and in an article that does little to burnish Dr
New York Times May 14, 2011 In Prison Reform, Money Trumps Civil Rights
QUOTE: A majority of those swept into our nation’s prison system are poor people of color, but the sudden shift away from the “get tough” rhetoric that has dominated the national discourse on crime has not been inspired by a surge in concern about the devastating human toll of mass incarceration. Instead, as Professor Bell predicted, the changing tide is best explained by perceived white interests. In this economic climate, it is impossible to maintain the vast prison state without raising taxes on the (white) middle class.
New York Times Apr 17, 2011 The Middle-Class Tax Trap
QUOTE: Asking a population that’s increasingly brown and beige to accept punishing tax rates while white seniors receive roughly $3 in Medicare benefits for every dollar they paid in (the projected ratio in the 2030s) promises to polarize the country along racial as well as generational lines.
New York Times Mar 22, 2011 Race Issues Rise for Miami Police
QUOTE: Miami has a long history of racially charged police shootings, some of which combusted into deadly riots and Justice Department inquiries that ended with police officers in prison. The pattern this time is familiar: All seven men who were fatally shot by the police were African-American; the police officers who shot them are all Hispanic.
New York Times Feb 01, 2011 Dakota Co-op Board Is Accused of Bias
QUOTE: The former board president, Alphonse Fletcher Jr., a prominent black Wall Street investor, has sued the Dakota, accusing the building and several of its board members of racial discrimination and defamation.
New York Times Dec 21, 2010 E.E.O.C. Sues Kaplan Over Hiring
QUOTE: Sending a sharp warning to employers nationwide, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission sued the Kaplan Higher Education Corporation on Tuesday, accusing it of discriminating against black job applicants through the way it uses credit histories in its hiring process.
New York Times Jul 21, 2010 White House Offers Apology to Official Accused of Bias
QUOTE: The White House and Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack apologized profusely and repeatedly on Wednesday to a black midlevel official [Shirley Sherrod--Ed.] for the way she had been humiliated and forced to resign her Agriculture Department job after a conservative blogger put out a misleading video clip that seemed to show her admitting antipathy toward a white farmer.
New York Times Jun 30, 2010 Black Landowners Fight to Reclaim Georgia Home
QUOTE: n 1942, Harris Neck, a thriving community of black landowners who hunted, farmed and gathered oysters, was taken by the federal government to build an airstrip. Now, the elders — who remember barefoot childhoods spent climbing trees and waking to watch the Canada geese depart in formation — want to know why they cannot have it back.
New York Times May 25, 2010 Justices say employers may not use discriminatory testing practices
QUOTE: Employers who use tests that have the effect of ruling out disproportionate numbers of women and minorities may be sued each time they use the results to hire, the Supreme Court ruled...
Washington Post May 24, 2010 What's behind Rand Paul's confusion
QUOTE: [Rand] Paul thrust us into one of thorniest corners of that larger question: What's the government's role in regulating how private actors -- private individuals and the private sector -- treat people of another race. The framers of the 14th Amendment wouldn't go there; in 1868, America wasn't ready for it.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 12, 2010 New York Minorities More Likely to Be Frisked
QUOTE: Blacks and Latinos were nine times as likely as whites to be stopped by the police in New York City in 2009, but, once stopped, were no more likely to be arrested....intense debate about the effectiveness and propriety of the tactic, but also litigation intended to force the department to reveal more information about the encounters.
New York Times Apr 23, 2010 Ending the Slavery Blame-Game
QUOTE: how to parcel out blame to those directly involved in the capture and sale of human beings for immense economic gain. While we are all familiar with the role played by the United States and the European colonial powers like Britain, France, Holland, Portugal and Spain, there is very little discussion of the role Africans themselves played.
New York Times Apr 21, 2010 Bias Accord as Harbinger
QUOTE: A DECISION this month by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to drop its racial-discrimination lawsuit against Wells Fargo in exchange for a say in reviewing its lending practices could set the stage for similar agreements with other big mortgage lenders, some experts say. From 2007 to 2009, the N.A.A.C.P. filed suit against 15 lenders, accusing them of offering high-cost loans to many black borrowers during the subprime lending boom, even though many of the applicants could have qualified for lower interest rates and closing costs.
New York Times Apr 01, 2010 Congress misses deadline for payments to black farmers
QUOTE: The federal government promised last month to pay more than $1 billion by the end of March to tens of thousands of black farmers who had filed decades-old discrimination complaints against the U.S. Agriculture Department.
Washington Post Nov 03, 2009 At Supreme Court: Can prosecutors be sued for framing defendants? Two African-American men wrongly imprisoned for 25 years filed a lawsuit against prosecutors for fabricating evidence against them...
QUOTE: The US Supreme Court on Wednesday is set to consider an unusual question: Do Americans who have been framed by unscrupulous prosecutors for crimes they did not commit have a right to sue the prosecutors when the fraud is finally exposed?
Christian Science Monitor Aug 07, 2009 Reforming Crack-Cocaine Laws, but Leaving Injustice Intact?
QUOTE: reformers of drug sentencing laws are closing in on a goal that was unthinkable even a few years ago: scrapping the federal sentencing structure established in 1986 that gives far harsher penalties for crack cocaine than for powder cocaine, resulting in prisons packed with low-level, predominantly African American offenders.
Time Magazine Jul 26, 2009 Does your doctor judge you based on your color?
QUOTE: While it's extremely difficult to tell in any given situation how much race -- consciously or subconsciously -- plays a role in a doctor's decision making, multiple studies over several decades have found doctors make different decisions for black patients and white patients even when they have the same medical problems and the same insurance
CNN (Cable News Network) Jul 21, 2009 Gates arrest: racial profiling or 'tempest in a teapot'?
QUOTE: Mr.[Henry Louis] Gates' arrest on the front porch of his own home last week became a moment of national reflection, with Gates insisting that the incident was evidence of the persistence of racial profiling – even in one of America's most liberal cities.
Christian Science Monitor Jul 16, 2009 Should Racial Profiling Play a Role in Cancer Prognosis? Two recent studies indicate that the genetics of race influences the survivability of some cancers, but the conclusions are not so black and wh
QUOTE: Two research teams, however, have recently suggested that the genetics of race itself is likely to be a contributor [to higher cancer rates in African-Americans]. Exactly how significant the findings are and just what they mean for treatment is unclear, but some scientists worry that African-Americans could take such conclusions the wrong way, leading them not to seek treatment.
Scientific American Jul 15, 2009 Continental divide separates Africans, African-Americans (Black in America 2)
QUOTE: African immigrants to the United States say cartoonish caricatures and a Western media penchant for reporting on Africa's disease, hunger and war -- rather than the continent's successes -- trivialize their cultures.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jul 14, 2009 Regional Shift Seen in Education Gap
QUOTE: the nation’s most dramatic black-white [education] gaps are no longer seen in Southern states like Alabama or Mississippi, but rather in Northern and Midwestern states...
New York Times Jul 05, 2009 For blacks, a hidden cost of Obama's win? His race may hamper his ability to respond to needs of African-Americans, some say.
QUOTE: there is some concern that in Obama’s efforts to transcend race and unite the country, the African-American community could inadvertently lose political clout in determining crucial social-policy issues – from education to healthcare – vital to its well-being.
Christian Science Monitor Jun 14, 2009 Blacks abandon San Francisco: No US city has seen a more rapid decline of its African-American population.
QUOTE: While San Francisco's image has been defined by a history of tolerance and openness, some say today's reality is much different. They paint a picture of a racially and economically divided city where blacks are vanishing from the social and cultural fabric, priced out and marginalized by the urban redevelopment policies of the past half century.
Christian Science Monitor Jun 06, 2009 Bank Accused of Pushing Mortgage Deals on Blacks
QUOTE: systematically singling out blacks in Baltimore and suburban Maryland for high-interest subprime mortgages. These loans, Baltimore officials have claimed in a federal lawsuit against Wells Fargo, tipped hundreds of homeowners into foreclosure and cost the city tens of millions of dollars in taxes and city services.
New York Times May 06, 2009 Government Reports Criticize Health Care System
QUOTE: Two annual government reports released Wednesday show that progress in improving the quality of health care and narrowing health disparities among ethnic groups remains agonizingly slow, and that patient safety may actually be declining.
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