Manipulation / Propaganda / Leaks
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Jan 06, 2016 The Man Who Studies the Spread of Ignorance
QUOTE: Proctor found that ignorance spreads when firstly, many people do not understand a concept or fact and secondly, when special interest groups – like a commercial firm or a political group – then work hard to create confusion about an issue. In the case of ignorance about tobacco and climate change, a scientifically illiterate society will probably be more susceptible to the tactics used by those wishing to confuse and cloud the truth.
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) May 31, 2014 The True Meaning of the Second Amendment
QUOTE: For 218 years, judges overwhelmingly concluded that the amendment authorized states to form militias, what we now call the National Guard. Then, in 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court upended two centuries of precedent. In the [Heller case], an opinion written by Justice Antonin Scalia declared that the Constitution confers a right to own a gun for self-defense in the home.”
The Daily Beast Mar 15, 2013 Drones killing innocent Pakistanis, U.N. official says
QUOTE: The New America Foundation estimates that in Pakistan, drones have killed between 1,953 and 3,279 people since 2004 - and that between 18% and 23% of them were not militants....The study concludes that the strikes have killed far more people than the United States has acknowledged, and traumatized many more innocent people.
CNN (Cable News Network) Mar 13, 2013 Death to Whistle-Blowers? (Op-Ed)
QUOTE: ...Private Manning still faces trial on the most serious charges, including the potential capital offense of “aiding the enemy” — though the prosecution is not seeking the death penalty in this case, “only” a life sentence. If successful, the prosecution will establish a chilling precedent: national security leaks may subject the leakers to a capital prosecution or at least life imprisonment. Anyone who holds freedom of the press dear should shudder at the threat that the prosecution’s theory presents to journalists, their sources and the public that relies on them.
New York Times Dec 27, 2012 Viral Spiral 2012: The constant battle against crackpot claims, paranoid conspiracy theories and malicious lies.
QUOTE: old viral emails, unfortunately, never die — and new ones spread like a highly contagious disease. These overwhelmingly anonymous messages are, by and large, bogus. Many not only twist the facts but also peddle pure fabrications, urging recipients to forward these “shocking” revelations to all their friends. And despite all good common sense, people do pass along these malicious attempts to deceive, often in the same amount of time it would take to check their tenuous hold on veracity.
FactCheck.org Nov 16, 2012 Will Twitter war become the new norm?
QUOTE: The military's live spin about the strike, and Hamas' response on a separate Twitter feed, have been called an unprecedented use of social media. BuzzFeed wrote that it "may well be the most meaningful change in our consumption of war in over 20 years." It's raising questions about the ethics and implications of live-tweeting a violent conflict.
CNN (Cable News Network) Nov 09, 2012 Fantasyland: Denial has poisoned the GOP and threatens the rest of the country too.
QUOTE: Romney has no political heirs in his own party or elsewhere, he does leave behind a cultural legacy of sorts. He raised Truthiness to a level of chutzpah beyond Stephen Colbert’s fertile imagination, and on the grandest scale. That a presidential hopeful so cavalierly mendacious could get so close to the White House, winning some 48 percent of the popular vote, is no small accomplishment. The American weakness that Romney both apotheosized and exploited in achieving this feat—our post-fact syndrome where anyone on the public stage can make up anything and usually get away with it—won’t disappear with him. A slicker liar could have won, and still might....This year’s instantly famous declaration by the Romney pollster Neil Newhouse that “we’re not going to let our campaign be dictated by fact-checkers” crystallized the mantra of the entire GOP. The Republican faithful at strata both low and high, from Rush’s dittoheads to the think-tank-affiliated intellectuals, have long since stopped acknowledging any empirical evidence that disputes their insular worldview, no matter how grounded that evidence might be in (God forbid) science or any other verifiable reality, like, say, Census reports or elementary mathematics
New York Magazine Jul 24, 2012 First they came for Wikileaks, then the New York Times
QUOTE: There are signs that the U.S. government wants to target mainstream journalists and media outlets for the same kind of investigation that WikiLeaks has been subjected to for publishing classified information, which makes it even more important to defend WikiLeaks’ status as a media entity.
GigaOM Mar 08, 2012 Online, a Distant Conflict Soars to Topic No. 1
QUOTE: in a testament to the explosive power of social media, he managed to do so in a matter of days, baffling diplomats, academics and Ugandans who have worked assiduously on the issue for decades without anything close to the blitz of attention that Mr. Russell and his tight-knit group of activists have generated....many viewers had never heard of Mr. Kony or his murderous band of fighters until seeing the video by Mr. Russell’s group, Invisible Children, pop up in their Facebook feeds.
New York Times Mar 06, 2012 In today's warp-speed world, online missteps spread faster than ever
QUOTE: '"Everyone now has a global platform on which they can shout their opinions and voice their beliefs," says Frank Farley, a psychology professor at Temple University and former president of the American Psychological Association. But people haven't become more cautious about putting words out there, he adds -- even if they're wrong.'
CNN (Cable News Network) Dec 24, 2011 Pentagon Finds No Fault in Ties to TV Analysts
QUOTE: A Pentagon public relations program that sought to transform high-profile military analysts into “surrogates” and “message force multipliers” for the Bush administration complied with Defense Department regulations and directives....The inquiry confirmed that Mr. Rumsfeld’s staff frequently provided military analysts with talking points before their network appearances....four military analysts reported that they were ejected from Mr. Rumsfeld’s outreach program “because they were critical” of the Pentagon.
New York Times Dec 20, 2011 Finding Fault in the Palestinian Messages That Aren’t So Public
QUOTE: For years, many Israeli and Palestinian analysts have said that what Palestinian leaders tell their own people in their own language — as opposed to English-language statements tailored to opinion in the rest of the world — is the truest reflection of their actual beliefs. This has had the effect of further entrenching the sides to the conflict and undermining confidence that it can ever be resolved.
New York Times Oct 26, 2011 When Secrets Aren’t Safe With Journalists (Op-Ed)
QUOTE: operational computer security is still not taught in most journalism schools, and poor data security practices remain widespread in news organizations....Until journalists take their security obligations seriously, it will be safer to leak something to WikiLeaks — or groups like it — than to the mainstream press.
New York Times Oct 21, 2011 Cries of Anti-Semitism, but Not at Zuccotti Park
QUOTE: The Occupy Wall Street protests, now in their second month, have increasingly been criticized by a variety of groups, most of them politically conservative, for flashes of anti-Semitism....Jewish groups that have sensitive antennas for eruptions of bigotry have not criticized the protesters.
New York Times Oct 21, 2011 The Ugliness Started With Bork
QUOTE: [The Bork] nomination battle is also a reminder that our poisoned politics is not just about Republicans behaving badly, as many Democrats and their liberal allies have convinced themselves. Democrats can be — and have been — every bit as obstructionist, mean-spirited and unfair.
New York Times Oct 05, 2011 Think Occupy Wall St. is a phase? You don't get it
QUOTE: the reason why some mainstream news journalists and many of the audiences they serve see the Occupy Wall Street protests as incoherent is because the press and the public are themselves...In fact, we are witnessing America's first true Internet-era movement, which -- unlike civil rights protests, labor marches, or even the Obama campaign -- does not take its cue from a charismatic leader, express itself in bumper-sticker-length goals and understand itself as having a particular endpoint.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jun 25, 2011 The Ways of Silencing
QUOTE: We might wish politicians and pundits from opposing parties to engage in reasoned debate about the truth, but as we know, this is not the reality of our political discourse. Instead we often encounter bizarre and improbable claims about public figures. Words are misappropriated and meanings twisted. I believe that these tactics are not really about making substantive claims, but rather play the role of silencing.
New York Times Jun 24, 2011 ‘Safety Myth’ Left Japan Ripe for Nuclear Crisis
QUOTE: Over several decades, Japan’s nuclear establishment has devoted vast resources to persuade the Japanese public of the safety and necessity of nuclear power. Plant operators built lavish, fantasy-filled public relations buildings that became tourist attractions....The belief helps explains why in the only nation to have been attacked with atomic bombs, the Japanese acceptance of nuclear power was so strong that the accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl barely registered. Even with the crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, the reaction against nuclear power has been much stronger in Europe and the United States than in Japan itself.
New York Times Jun 17, 2011 U.S. Pressing Its Crackdown Against Leaks
QUOTE: The Justice Department shows no sign of rethinking its campaign to punish unauthorized disclosures to the news media, with five criminal cases so far under President Obama, compared with three under all previous presidents combined....The string of cases reflects a broad belief across two administrations and in both parties in Congress that leaks have gotten out of hand, endangering intelligence agents and exposing American spying methods.
New York Times Jun 15, 2011 Ex-Spy Alleges Bush White House Sought to Discredit Critic
QUOTE: A former senior C.I.A. official says that officials in the Bush White House sought damaging personal information on a prominent American critic of the Iraq war in order to discredit him. Glenn L. Carle, a former Central Intelligence Agency officer who was a top counterterrorism official during the administration of President George W. Bush, said the White House at least twice asked intelligence officials to gather sensitive information on Juan Cole, a University of Michigan professor who writes an influential blog that criticized the war.
New York Times Jan 29, 2011 Arab media revolution spreading change
QUOTE: Egyptians have overcome their fear of the police state....There is a direct line between this revolt and the Arab media revolution launched 15 years ago. One might even argue it is the inevitable result.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jan 07, 2011 Rift in Arizona as Latino Class Is Found Illegal
QUOTE: ...Mr. Acosta’s class and others in the Tucson Unified School District’s Mexican-American program have been declared illegal by the State of Arizona — even while similar programs for black, Asian and American Indian students have been left untouched....It was Mr. Horne, as the state’s superintendent of public instruction, who wrote a law aimed at challenging Tucson’s ethnic-studies program. The Legislature passed the measure last spring, and Gov. Jan Brewer signed it into law in May amid the fierce protests raging over the state’s immigration crackdown.
New York Times Dec 02, 2010 Swedish Court Confirms Arrest Warrant for WikiLeaks Founder
QUOTE: Sweden’s highest court refused on Thursday to allow Julian Assange, the founder of the WikiLeaks whistle-blowing organization, to appeal a court order seeking his arrest to face questioning over alleged sex crimes...
New York Times Nov 28, 2010 Leaked Cables Offer Raw Look at U.S. Diplomacy
QUOTE: A cache of a quarter-million confidential American diplomatic cables, most of them from the past three years, provides an unprecedented look at back-room bargaining by embassies around the world, brutally candid views of foreign leaders and frank assessments of nuclear and terrorist threats.
New York Times Jul 21, 2010 White House Offers Apology to Official Accused of Bias
QUOTE: The White House and Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack apologized profusely and repeatedly on Wednesday to a black midlevel official [Shirley Sherrod--Ed.] for the way she had been humiliated and forced to resign her Agriculture Department job after a conservative blogger put out a misleading video clip that seemed to show her admitting antipathy toward a white farmer.
New York Times Jun 24, 2010 House Approves Legislation That Mandates the Disclosure of Political Spending
QUOTE: The House on Thursday approved legislation to curtail the ability of corporations and other special interest groups to influence elections by requiring greater disclosure of their role in paying for campaign advertising. The bill is intended to counter a Supreme Court ruling in January that the federal government may not ban political spending by corporations and other advocacy groups, like labor unions.
New York Times Jun 09, 2010 Views of North Korea Show How a Policy Spread Misery
QUOTE: North Koreans are used to struggle and heartbreak. But the Nov. 30 currency devaluation, apparently an attempt to prop up a foundering state-run economy, was for some the worst disaster since a famine that killed hundreds of thousands in the mid-1990s.
New York Times Jun 09, 2010 Lies, damned lies, and technology hype
QUOTE: in this age of short attention spans, where stories flare up and die off on the Web in the matter of hours, it could well be a tactic. Get the headlines first, correct the mistakes later, hope nobody notices.
InfoWorld Jun 03, 2010 In Leaked Lecture, Details of China’s News Cleanups
QUOTE: The content of Mr. Xia’s speech, transcribed and posted online by someone who attended the May 15 lecture at Tianjin Foreign Studies University, has become something of a sensation in recent days, providing the Chinese a rare insight into how their news is stage-managed for mass consumption.
New York Times May 27, 2010 South Korea’s Collective Shrug
QUOTE: Most people now accept North Korea’s responsibility for the sinking that killed Mr. Mun and 45 other sailors....[South Koreans'] urge to give the North Koreans the benefit of the doubt is in marked contrast to the public fury that erupted after the killings of two South Korean schoolgirls by an American military vehicle in 2002...
New York Times May 25, 2010 U.S. Heads a Cast of Villains in Pakistan’s Conspiracy Talk
QUOTE: Conspiracy theory is a national sport in Pakistan, where the main players — the United States, India and Israel — change positions depending on the ebb and flow of history. Since 2001, the United States has taken center stage, looming so large in Pakistan’s collective imagination that it sometimes seems to be responsible for everything that goes wrong here.
New York Times May 25, 2010 Sacred and Secular Mix in Turkey’s Museums
QUOTE: The museum is nothing less than an attempt to shape a modern mythology in which Turkish history becomes part of a single coherent tradition culminating in the modern secular state. This effort to shape a tradition accounting for the triumph of the Turk may also be the reason for the way the 1915 massacres of Armenians are treated here.
New York Times May 15, 2010 Toyota had attack plan against congressional testimony, documents show
QUOTE: Toyota officials sought to develop a public relations campaign to attack the credibility of key witnesses who have testified before Congress about acceleration problems with the company's cars...
Washington Post Apr 24, 2010 Jon Stewart’s Punching Bag, Fox News
QUOTE: It is true that the often-left-leaning “Daily Show” deals with a wide array of topics, but Fox is one that Mr. Stewart is overtly passionate about; he said on the show this week that he criticizes the network a lot because it is “truly a terrible, cynical, disingenuous news organization.”
New York Times Apr 24, 2010 Undercover persuasion by tech industry lobbyists
QUOTE: The influence peddlers of K Street have discovered the power of social networking on such Web sites as Twitter and Facebook. Using their own names without mentioning that they work in public relations or as lobbyists, employees of companies with interests in Washington are chattering online to shape opinions in hard-to-detect ways.
Washington Post Apr 02, 2010 Vatican Priest Likens Criticism Over Abuse to Anti-Semitism
QUOTE: A senior Vatican priest, speaking before Pope Benedict XVI at a Good Friday service, compared the world’s outrage at sexual abuse scandals in the Catholic Church to the persecution of the Jews, prompting angry responses from victims’ advocates and consternation from Jewish groups.
New York Times Mar 29, 2010 Reputations at stake, companies try to alter word of mouth online
QUOTE: Liu said Yelp's salespeople phoned repeatedly, telling her that if she advertised on the site, negative reviews would move lower on Scion's page and positive reviews would move up. Liu decided to fight back, joining nine other businesses this month in a class-action lawsuit against Yelp alleging similar tactics -- claims that Yelp executives deny.
Washington Post Mar 02, 2010 Scientists Taking Steps to Defend Work on Climate
QUOTE: For months, climate scientists have taken a vicious beating in the media and on the Internet, accused of hiding data, covering up errors and suppressing alternate views...Tentatively and grudgingly, they are beginning to engage their critics, admit mistakes, open up their data and reshape the way they conduct their work.
New York Times Oct 24, 2009 With ban over, who should cover the fallen at Dover?: Few in media choosing to capture events, but military posts pictures
QUOTE: "Taking pictures of the returning casualties to Dover is a measure of the human cost of war," said Ralph Begleiter, a journalism professor at the University of Delaware... "Do you want the government ultimately to have control over what we see or not see? Or do you want independent observers, an independent press or media, relaying those images?"
Washington Post Oct 08, 2009 Chinese history textbooks: The fragility of truth
QUOTE: SCHOOL textbooks in China have a habit of bending the truth, to suit Communist Party dogma or to reinforce moral messages. Rarely does anyone challenge them. Exams require rote learning, and children are not encouraged to question received wisdom.
Economist Aug 01, 2009 Talk Radio Campaign Frightening Seniors: Provision for End-of-Life Counseling Is Described by Right as 'Death Care'
QUOTE: A campaign on conservative talk radio has sparked fear among senior citizens that the health-care bill moving through Congress will lead to end-of-life "rationing" and even "euthanasia."....But on right-leaning radio programs, religious e-mail lists and Internet blogs, the proposal has been described as "guiding you in how to die," "an ORDER from the Government to end your life," promoting "death care" and, in the words of antiabortion leader Randall Terry, an attempt to "kill Granny."
Washington Post Jul 28, 2009 Congressional Committees Raise Concerns Over Pentagon's Strategic Communications (Fine Print)
QUOTE: Lawmakers are voicing concerns about the Pentagon's strategic communications programs, through which the military aims to win over civilians and erode support for adversaries in countries around the world.
Washington Post Jul 26, 2009 Latin American Jews contend with spike in anti-Semitism: Derogatory political statements and attacks on synagogues have increased since Israel's January war in Gaza.
QUOTE: Across Latin America, Jewish leaders say they are contending with a new level of anti-Semitism that heated up after Israel's military operation in Gaza in December.
Christian Science Monitor Jul 23, 2009 Crackles of hatred: Radio propaganda
QUOTE: Peacekeeping pundits agree that more must be done to pre-empt and counter the effects of “hate radio”.
Economist Jul 13, 2009 Chasing Terrorists (and TV Ratings)
QUOTE: the cooperation between the former intelligence officers and NBC News — that has raised red flags among a number of veteran journalists, including some within NBC. They say they find it troubling that “The Wanted” blurs the boundaries between government agents and supposedly impartial journalists.
New York Times Jun 13, 2009 Hate speech and the mainstreaming of extremism: The First Amendment protects the media or web messenger, but the message can have murderous consequences
QUOTE: A new factor that is "causing us even more concern than in the past is the mainstreaming of the extremism by people who should know better," said James McElroy of the Southern Poverty Law Center...
Christian Science Monitor Apr 15, 2009 Pentagon Closes Office Accused of Issuing Propaganda Under Bush
QUOTE: the Defense Department office for support to public diplomacy, overstepped its mandate... by trying to organize information operations that violated Pentagon guidelines for accuracy and transparency.
New York Times Jan 28, 2009 On becoming the squeakiest wheel: Are companies serving only themselves when they use social media to help consumers?
QUOTE: companies have a vested interest in offering tech support in a social media setting because people who use social media are essentially bad word-of-mouth publicity on steroids. In short, he (she?) says, it serves the companies' best interest to help these people in order to quiet them.
InfoWorld Jan 26, 2009 MPs call on BBC to air Gaza film: A Commons motion criticising the BBC and Sky for refusing to broadcast a plea for humanitarian aid funding for Gaza has been backed by 112 MPs.
QUOTE: The BBC's explanation that airing the film would threaten its impartiality was described by Labour MP Richard Burden's motion as "unconvincing"....John Ryley, head of Sky News, said that broadcasting the film would be "incompatible" with its objective role.
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Dec 30, 2008 Digg.com Suffers Under Regime Change: Powerdiggers Stealing Stories, Promoting Them
QUOTE: the average Digg user is. . .cheated. The image shows two Digg submissions with identical titles and thumbnails. The original submission, posted an hour before its duplicate, received only 21 diggs. The second, made popular by a so-called powerdigger made the front page with 2752 diggs.
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