Criminal Justice System
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77 Articles and Resources. Go to: [Next 27]
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Nov 30, 2014 Justice Is Swift as Petty Crimes Clog Courts: Cases Adjudicated in Minutes or Less, Often Without Lawyers
QUOTE: Years of aggressive policing tactics and tough-on-crime legislation have flooded the American court system with misdemeanor cases—relatively small-time crimes such as public drunkenness, loitering or petty theft. The state courts that handle such charges often resemble assembly lines where time is in short supply, according to judges and lawyers who work in the courts. Many poor defendants, despite their right to court-appointed legal counsel, don’t get lawyers, and those who do often receive scant help in the rush to resolve cases.
Wall Street Journal, The (WSJ) Apr 04, 2013 As economy flails, debtors' prisons thrive (MoneyWatch)
QUOTE: Thousands of Americans are sent to jail not for committing a crime, but because they can't afford to pay for traffic tickets, medical bills and court fees. If that sounds like a debtors' prison, a legal relic which was abolished in this country in the 1830s, that's because it is. And courts and judges in states across the land are violating the Constitution by incarcerating people for being unable to pay such debts.
CBS News Aug 25, 2011 In Britain, a Meeting on Limiting Social Media
QUOTE: British officials and representatives of Twitter, Facebook and BlackBerry met Thursday to discuss voluntary ways to limit or restrict the use of social media to combat crime and periods of civil unrest, while trying to dodge charges of hypocrisy and censorship that trailed Prime Minister David Cameron’s call to restrict use of the networks after this month’s riots.
New York Times Jun 03, 2010 Russia Turns a Deaf Ear as Killing Cries for Justice
QUOTE: Magomed Yevloyev was openly feuding with the region’s leader, Murat M. Zyazikov, when the two men happened to board the same flight from Moscow. Barely half an hour after the police escorted Mr. Yevloyev, 36, off the plane, he was dropped off at a hospital with an execution-style wound....Almost two years later, the case serves as a lesson in how the legal process can be strangled.
New York Times May 22, 2010 Escape Attempt Led to Killings of Unarmed Inmates
QUOTE: Haitian officials here say they did not use lethal force but rather found lifeless bodies when they entered the prison....But an investigation by The New York Times casts doubt on the official version of events...
New York Times Aug 10, 2009 Iranian Officials Call for Arrest of Opposition Leaders
QUOTE: Revolutionary Guard generals, top politicians and senior clerics have called for the arrest and punishment of opposition leaders, including defeated presidential candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi...
Washington Post Jul 16, 2009 Chechen Rights Activist Is Slain: U.S. Urges Russia to Bring Estemirova's Killers to Justice
QUOTE: Chechnya's most outspoken human rights activist was found shot to death hours after being kidnapped Wednesday, provoking international outrage and calls for renewed scrutiny of Russia's violent policies in the Caucasus.
Washington Post Mar 11, 2009 Voting Rights Elude Some Florida Ex-Felons, Study Says
QUOTE: Florida’s procedures for restoring voting rights to convicted felons are so cumbersome, bureaucratic and confusing that some ex-convicts are being denied their rights, according to a report by the American Civil Liberties Union of Florida.
New York Times Nov 08, 2008 Citing Workload, Public Lawyers Reject New Cases
QUOTE: Public defenders’ offices in at least seven states are refusing to take on new cases or have sued to limit them, citing overwhelming workloads that they say undermine the constitutional right to counsel for the poor...in the most open revolt by public defenders in memory, many of the government-appointed lawyers say that state budget cuts and rising caseloads have pushed them to the breaking point.
New York Times May 08, 2008 216 Held in Protests of Police Acquittals
QUOTE: The protesters expressed outrage over a Queens judge’s decision on April 25 to acquit the three detectives — Michael Oliver, Gescard F. Isnora and Marc Cooper — over the November 2006 death of Mr. Bell, who died in a hail of police bullets outside a nightclub in Jamaica, Queens, hours before he was to have been married. Mr. Sharpton and his National Action Network coordinated the protests...
New York Times May 07, 2008 As Executions Resume, So Do Questions of Fairness
QUOTE: fresh questions about whether states are supplying capital-murder defendants with adequate counsel, even as an execution on Tuesday night in Georgia ended a seven-month national suspension. In all three cases, North Carolina appeals courts found that evidence that would have favored the defendants was withheld from defense lawyers...
New York Times May 06, 2008 Reports Find Racial Gap in Drug Arrests
QUOTE: large disparities persist in the rate at which blacks and whites are arrested and imprisoned for drug offenses, even though the two races use illegal drugs at roughly equal rates. Two new reports, issued Monday by the Sentencing Project in Washington and by Human Rights Watch in New York, both say the racial disparities reflect, in large part, an overwhelming focus of law enforcement on drug use in low-income urban areas, with arrests and incarceration the main weapon.
New York Times May 06, 2008 He's a Man, as Charged: But Should Emerging Brain Science Affect Courts' Handling of Young Defendants?
QUOTE: The debate over whether kids should be tried and punished as adults has simmered for years. The discussion is intensifying, however, because of recent discoveries that the brain's prefrontal cortex, which governs reasoning, develops more slowly than the limbic system, where the emotions reside.
Washington Post Apr 09, 2008 In Justice Shift, Corporate Deals Replace Trials
QUOTE: Deferred prosecutions have become a favorite tool of the Bush administration. But some legal experts now wonder if the policy shift has led companies, in particular financial institutions now under investigation for their roles in the subprime mortgage debacle, to test the limits of corporate anti-fraud laws.
New York Times Jan 26, 2008 In More Cases, Combat Trauma Is Taking the Stand
QUOTE: [With the return of soldiers from Iraq and Afghanistan], judges and juries are increasingly prodded to assess the role of combat trauma in their crimes and whether they deserve special treatment because of it. That idea has met with considerable resistance from prosecutors and judges leery of creating any class of offenders with distinct privileges.
New York Times Jan 19, 2008 Genetic Bank Raises Issues of Practicality and Privacy
QUOTE: ...officials at the New York Civil Liberties Union said that privacy issues aside, the [Mayor Michael Bloomberg's] proposal [that DNA samples be taken from all criminal suspects] would require turning the collection and analysis of DNA samples into a mass-production operation. That, said Donna Lieberman, the group’s executive director, would be an invitation to error, inefficiency and fraud.
New York Times Dec 30, 2007 So Many Crimes, and Reasons to Not Cooperate
QUOTE: discourage people from cooperating with the investigation of crimes — crimes committed against their own homes, their own neighbors, their own children....based on more than just fear of gang retaliation. It is also a consequence of their deep distrust of the local police and prosecutors and politicians.
New York Times Nov 25, 2007 Vindicated by DNA, but a Lost Man on the Outside
QUOTE: In September, [a former inmate] filed a federal civil rights lawsuit against the police, the medical examiner, a prison guard and the governments of two counties, alleging that detectives falsified reports and coerced his confession, and that the prison guard groped and beat him. A separate lawsuit in the Court of Claims is planned seeking payment from the state for the wrongful incarceration.
New York Times Nov 09, 2007 Doubts raised over 1999 murder conviction
QUOTE: They allege that police used deceptive investigative tactics and that prosecutors withheld key evidence that would have cast a kinder light on Masters, who is serving a life sentence.
CNN (Cable News Network) Nov 06, 2007 ‘Bad’ Legal Advice and the Death Penalty
QUOTE: A federal appeals court eventually ruled that the lawyer’s advice reflected such bad judgment as to fall below the Sixth Amendment’s guarantee of the effective assistance of counsel. On Monday, the Supreme Court announced that it would use the case to decide how appellate courts are to evaluate claims of ineffective assistance of counsel in plea negotiations.
New York Times Oct 21, 2007 Scam Czars: What’s Russian for ‘Hacker’?
QUOTE: The security firms have not received much assistance from the Russian government, which seems to show little interest in a crackdown, as if officials privately take some pleasure in knowing that their compatriots are tormenting millions of people in the West.
New York Times Oct 20, 2007 Criminal Element
QUOTE: Reyes found that the rise and fall of lead-exposure rates seemed to match the arc of violent crime, but with a 20-year lag — just long enough for children exposed to the highest levels of lead in 1973 to reach their most violence-prone years in the early ’90s, when crime rates hit their peak.
New York Times Oct 18, 2007 New York State Not Doing Enough to Prevent Wrongful Convictions, Report Says
QUOTE: The report sheds a harsh light on what it calls the state’s lackluster record of instituting rules intended to prevent wrongful convictions. For example, it says that although false confessions are the leading cause of wrongful convictions in New York, the state does not require law enforcement agencies to record interrogations, a requirement in nine other states.
New York Times Oct 17, 2007 In Connecticut Prisons, a System Long on People, Short on Space
QUOTE: The arrest in July of two parolees in the grisly murders of a mother and her two daughters in Cheshire, followed closely by a carjacking involving a parolee, touched off a wave of official responses that were intended to address flaws in the criminal justice system, but that also made crowded prisons even more crowded.
New York Times Oct 14, 2007 A Violent Police Unit, on Film and in Rio’s Streets
QUOTE: The movie, which opened nationwide on Friday but last week in Rio and São Paulo, has offered a rare look into the battalion, which is depicted as killing and torturing, seemingly at will. It is causing many Brazilians to reflect on what level of violence is acceptable from the police, especially in Rio, a city with a homicide rate more than six times higher than New York City’s.
New York Times Sep 05, 2007 Ex-lab chief's work is under a microscope: Cases involving her testimony checked
QUOTE: Gordon is accused of repeatedly signing sworn statements saying that she personally tested an ethanol-water solution used to make sure alcohol breath-test machines work properly -- even though another scientist apparently did the work.
Seattle Post-Intelligencer Aug 31, 2007 Cities study victims' criminal past
QUOTE: Victims' relatives say the focus on victims' backgrounds demeans the loss and desensitizes police and the community to violence.
USA TODAY Jun 06, 2007 Secret Service Operative Moonlights as Identity Thief
QUOTE: The case sheds light on some of the risks and ethical trade-offs involved in using criminals as informants.
Wired May 14, 2007 In Juarez, Expiring Justice: Statute of Limitations Begins to Run Out in Murders of Hundreds of Women
QUOTE: At a time when U.S. prosecutors are resurrecting Civil Rights-era murder cases -- some more than 40 years old -- Mexico is closing murder cases forever after 14 years. With each passing day, it appears likely that a legal technicality may end a quest to unravel a string of slayings that shocked the world.
Washington Post Mar 09, 2007 The Brain on the Stand
QUOTE: The influence of what some call neurolaw is clearly growing. Neuroscientific evidence has persuaded jurors to sentence defendants to life imprisonment rather than to death; .... Should courts be in the business of deciding when to mitigate someone’s criminal responsibility because his brain functions improperly, whether because of age, in-born defects or trauma? As we learn more about criminals’ brains, will we have to redefine our most basic ideas of justice?
New York Times Feb 20, 2007 Supreme Court revisits how much leeway judges can have in sentencing: At issue is whether a set of Congressional guidelines or a judge's reasoned judgment should prevail.
QUOTE: Instead of invalidating the entire guidelines system and leaving it to Congress to fix the problem, five justices agreed to craft a remedy to retain most of the guidelines. But the result has confused many judges across the country and caused federal appeals courts to rule in conflicting ways.
Christian Science Monitor Feb 10, 2007 Sudden death: American support for the death penalty is diminishing—except on the Supreme Court
QUOTE: Our newfound national queasiness over the death penalty extends from the methods of execution to growing fears that we're executing the wrong guys.
Slate Jun 13, 2006 Justices Open Door For Injection Case: Inmate's Procedural Challenge Allowed
QUOTE: The Supreme Court today expanded the ability of death row inmates to challenge their convictions in federal courts based on DNA evidence produced long after their trials.
Washington Post Oct 04, 2005 Ex-Prosecutor Suspended For Misleading Trial Court: Ethics expert calls stiffness of penalty 'startling'
QUOTE: ...court has suspended a former prosecutor for three years for lying to a judge about the whereabouts of a witness in a murder trial he was conducting three years ago.
Law.com Jan 02, 2005 Sentencing by the Numbers
QUOTE: Armed with the stats, you could predict the likelihood that a convicted drug dealer or thief standing before you would be arrested again in the near future if you let him go free...by penalizing offenders differently for the same crimes...the state has abandoned the idea that punishment is a form of ''just deserts'' for wrongdoing.
New York Times Oct 03, 2004 Supreme Court to Consider Federal Sentencing Guidelines
QUOTE: In that case, Blakely v. Washington, the court struck down Washington state's sentencing guidelines, which, like the federal guidelines, permit judges to boost sentences based on their own post-conviction fact-finding, rather than relying only on facts admitted by the defendant or found by a jury....Though the court said in Blakely that it did not address the federal guidelines, the similarities between Washington's system and the federal system were such that defense lawyers across the country immediately began bombarding courts with Blakely challenges to their clients' sentences.
Washington Post Jun 30, 2003 Japan, US meet over GI justice
QUOTE: Sensitive talks begin here this week over the rights of GIs accused of serious crimes while stationed in Japan.
Christian Science Monitor May 06, 2003 New wing for women to open at men's prison
QUOTE: Waikeria Prison can take 877 male inmates and the decision to convert one of the men's units for women has brought criticism from the Howard League for Penal Reform, which believes it is not suitable.
Stuff Feb 07, 2003 Protecting a Gun Law, or a Family
QUOTE: ...he had the right to shoot the guy in his house. But he had no right to have an illegal weapon.
New York Times Feb 01, 2003 Report flap changed man's fate
QUOTE: Johnson, 26, might have spent the rest of his life in prison had he not learned of changes in the autopsy reports that state how the motorist died.
Advocate, The (Louisiana) Nov 07, 2002 Court Stays Execution of Mentally Ill Texan
QUOTE: Mr. Colburn's case outraged mental health advocates who believe that people with severe mental illness should not be eligible for the death penalty.
New York Times Nov 06, 2002 California's 3-Strikes Law Tested Again
QUOTE: The Supreme Court's precedents have established that a sentence can be so disproportionate to the offense as to violate the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment.
New York Times Oct 29, 2002 Double Jeopardy and the Death Penalty
QUOTE: ...a defendant who successfully appeals his conviction "wipes the slate clean." As a result, there is no double jeopardy bar to receiving an even harsher sentence upon retrial.
Law.com Oct 18, 2002 Two Officers in Louima Case Will Not Face Charges Again
QUOTE: The new decisions mean that the two officers, Thomas Wiese and Thomas Bruder — whose convictions for conspiracy to obstruct justice in the case were overturned by a federal appeals court in February — no longer face any possibility of criminal charges.
New York Times Oct 16, 2002 On Trial in Illinois: The Death Penalty: Review Board Faces Basic Issues in Clemency Hearings for 142 Inmates
QUOTE: ...launched an unprecedented and controversial series of back-to-back clemency hearings for most of the state's 159 death row inmates in a system that has been described as so flawed that it risks executing an innocent man.
Washington Post Sep 23, 2002 Louima Case Closed, Not Resolved
QUOTE: ...Schwarz has publicly said he would never admit any part in the assault itself. The unusual solution was an agreement that Mr. Schwarz would not be able to continue to proclaim publicly that he is innocent.
New York Times Sep 20, 2002 Murder Charges Are Dropped in Motorcycle Gang Fight
QUOTE: Prosecutors dropped murder charges today against a member of the Hells Angels motorcycle club, saying he may have been justified in firing the shot that killed a member of a rival club...
New York Times Sep 13, 2002 Florida death-penalty battle rages over sentencing
QUOTE: ...[the US Supreme Court] ruled for the first time that a capital defendant has a Sixth Amendment right to have a jury determine the applicability of a death sentence.
Christian Science Monitor Aug 30, 2002 3 Justices Call for Reviewing Death Sentences for Juveniles
QUOTE: "Given the apparent consensus that exists among the states and in the international community against the execution of a capital sentence imposed on a juvenile offender," Justice John Paul Stevens wrote in the dissent, "I think it would be appropriate to revisit the issue at the earliest opportunity."
New York Times Aug 15, 2002 An Imaginary Homicide
QUOTE: If you are going to charge three defendants with capital murder for killing a newborn, do you have an obligation to show that the baby really was killed?
New York Times
77 Articles and Resources. Go to: [Next 27]
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