Third World Development
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Jul 21, 2015 The Myth of the Ethical Shopper We're still trying to eliminate sweatshops and child labor by buying right. But that's not how the world works in 2015.
QUOTE: ...for a while there, it worked. The major apparel companies adopted codes of conduct, first banning just the most egregious stuff—workers under 16, forced overtime—then expanding to health and safety, environmental protection and social investment....I spoke with more than 30 company reps, factory auditors and researchers and read dozens of studies describing what has happened in those sweatshops since they became a cultural fixation three decades ago. All these sources led me to the same conclusion: Boycotts have failed. Our clothes are being made in ways that advocacy campaigns can’t affect and in places they can’t reach. So how are we going to stop sweatshops now?
Huffington Post Sep 09, 2012 Fighting for Bangladesh Labor, and Ending Up in Pauper’s Grave
QUOTE: For years, mutual suspicion has defined the relationship between the labor federation and the Bangladeshi establishment. Citing labor abuses, the A.F.L.-C.I.O. is currently petitioning Washington to overturn trade preferences for Bangladesh, infuriating Bangladeshi leaders and casting suspicions on the domestic labor groups nurtured by the federation, including those where Mr. Islam worked.
New York Times Oct 07, 2011 What Everyone Is Too Polite to Say About Steve Jobs
QUOTE: In the days after Steve Jobs' death, friends and colleagues have, in customary fashion, been sharing their fondest memories of the Apple co-founder. He's been hailed as "a genius" and "the greatest CEO of his generation" by pundits and tech journalists. But a great man's reputation can withstand a full accounting. And, truth be told, Jobs could be terrible to people, and his impact on the world was not uniformly positive.
Gawker Jun 15, 2011 Lead Poisoning in China: The Hidden Scourge
QUOTE: thousands of workers, villagers and children in at least 9 of mainland China’s 31 province-level regions have been found to be suffering from toxic levels of lead exposure, mostly caused by pollution from battery factories and metal smelters. The cases underscore a pattern of government neglect seen in industry after industry as China strives for headlong growth with only embryonic safeguards.
New York Times Mar 28, 2011 Amber Waves to Ivory Bolls
QUOTE: Many farmers, both in the United States and abroad, will join Mr. Vela this year in chasing the higher profits to be made in cotton — with consequences that could ripple across the globe... “It’s good for the farmer, but from a humanitarian perspective it’s kind of scary... Those people in poor countries that have a hard time affording food, they’re going to be even less able to afford it now.”
New York Times Jan 05, 2011 Microlenders, Honored With Nobel, Are Struggling
QUOTE: microloans have prompted political hostility in Bangladesh, India, Nicaragua and other developing countries....But as with other trumpeted development initiatives that have promised to lift hundreds of millions from poverty, microcredit has struggled to turn rhetoric into tangible success.
New York Times Dec 21, 2010 African Farmers Displaced as Investors Move In
QUOTE: Across Africa and the developing world, a new global land rush is gobbling up large expanses of arable land. Despite their ageless traditions, stunned villagers are discovering that African governments typically own their land and have been leasing it, often at bargain prices, to private investors and foreign governments for decades to come.
New York Times Dec 11, 2010 Climate Talks End With Modest Deal on Emissions
QUOTE: The package known as the Cancún Agreements gives the more than 190 countries participating in the conference another year to decide whether to extend the frayed Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 agreement that requires most wealthy nations to trim their emissions while providing assistance to developing countries to pursue a cleaner energy future.
New York Times May 14, 2010 Genetically Engineered Distortions
QUOTE: genetic engineering can be used not just to modify major commodity crops in the West, but also to improve a much wider range of crops that can be grown in difficult conditions throughout the world. Doing that also requires opponents to realize that by demonizing the technology, they’ve hindered applications of genetic engineering that could save lives and protect the environment.
New York Times Dec 25, 2009 Doing Good by Paying Forward (Your Money)
QUOTE: Perhaps the fastest-growing way to act on these altruistic instincts is participating in microfinancing. You take a relatively small amount of money and, through an online marketplace of sorts, give or lend it to a specific person or project whose story moves you. (Not all microfinancing organizations are nonprofits, however, so be aware of the differences.)
New York Times Nov 22, 2009 In Ethiopia, farmland is hot property
QUOTE: The scale and pace of the land scramble has alarmed policy makers and others concerned about its implications for food security in countries such as Ethiopia...
Washington Post Sep 26, 2009 Smuggling Europe’s Waste to Poorer Countries
QUOTE: Because of Europe’s new environmental laws, it is four times as expensive to incinerate trash in the Netherlands as to put it — illegally — on a boat to China.
New York Times Aug 30, 2009 In Oil-Rich Niger Delta, the Sun Never Sets: Smokestacks Still Shooting Out Gas Flares
QUOTE: As many as 100 flares burn at petroleum companies' outposts across the oil-rich [Niger] delta, belching harmful greenhouse gases and, human rights activists say, sickening residents [of Nigeria].
Washington Post Aug 24, 2009 Karzai Opponent Alleges 'Widespread' Voter Fraud
QUOTE: The allegations of fraud, combined with the slow pace of vote tabulation and the cumbersome process for investigating complaints, are raising political tensions as the nation [Afghanistan] waits to see whether its second presidential election will produce a result that Afghans can trust.
Washington Post Aug 20, 2009 Lead Sickens 1,300 Children in China
QUOTE: Lead pollution from a newly opened and unlicensed manganese smelter has poisoned more than 1,300 children in southeastern China’s Hunan Province...
New York Times Aug 19, 2009 Obama endangering developing countries' access to affordable drugs, activists charge
QUOTE: [activists] say the problem may lie in the administration's reluctance to confront the giant pharmaceutical companies at a time when the companies are crucial allies in President Obama's struggle to revamp the U.S. healthcare system.
Aug 11, 2009 The Sheik Down: How the Pentagon bought stability in Iraq by funneling billions of taxpayer dollars to the country's next generation of strongmen.
QUOTE: Eifan is a beneficiary of what some American personnel call the "make-a-sheikh" program, a semiofficial, little discussed policy that since late 2006 has bankrolled Sunni sheikhs who are, in theory, committed to defending American interests in Iraq... It was also a reinstitution of a strategy started by Saddam Hussein, who picked out tribal leaders he could manipulate through patronage schemes.
Mother Jones Jul 31, 2009 As Iraq war ends, why isn't the US in on more business deals? Countries that opposed the American intervention now top the list of those probing economic opportunities in post-Hussein Iraq.
QUOTE: Iraq is signing billions of dollars in contracts with foreign firms to help rebuild the country, while private companies are forging partnerships with Iraqi businesses to provide the country with a lengthy backlog of needed goods. But Americans are largely absent from the bidding and the dealmaking, according to Iraqi officials.
Christian Science Monitor Jul 27, 2009 Big Tobacco's New Targets
QUOTE: In Africa the battle for the hearts, minds and lungs of new smokers is being waged particularly aggressively.
Time Magazine Jul 23, 2009 Donkey Business: The only zebra in Gaza.
QUOTE: The idea of a zoo creating a fake zebra sounds preposterous, but this is Gaza, which, after two years of an economic blockade, is renowned for recycling, repurposing, and smuggling just about anything that can't be imported legally
Slate Jul 21, 2009 Climate Conundrum: How to Get India to Play Ball
QUOTE: Jairam Ramesh, the Indian Environment and Forestry Minister, had other ideas. With Clinton standing by, Ramesh told reporters that India was in no position to reduce its rising levels of carbon-dioxide emissions, and that the West — which had polluted with impunity for decades — was in no position to dictate reductions to developing poor countries.
Time Magazine Jul 12, 2009 Africa's bitter cycle of child slavery
QUOTE: For generations, Ghana and other West African nations have served as a hub for child trafficking and slavery. An estimated 200,000 children in West and Central Africa perform unpaid labor.
Los Angeles Times Jul 09, 2009 G-8 leaders pressured to honor aid pledges: The global recession has helped reduce aid from wealth nations – even as it pushes millions more into poverty.
QUOTE: Underlying the alarm over a rising tide of poverty, infant mortality, and hunger is the criticism that wealthy nations have not honored their commitments to substantially increase global aid.
Christian Science Monitor Jul 08, 2009 G8: Does world need new rules on food security?
QUOTE: As rich countries snap up farmland in developing world, calls grow for regulation to prevent what many see as neocolonial behavior.
Christian Science Monitor Mar 02, 2009 Blackwater's New Frontier: Their Own Private Africa:
QUOTE: [in Africa] security contractors have gained broader acceptance. But serious concerns remain about the role they might play in their old stomping grounds.
Mother Jones Dec 04, 2008 Green Inc.: Paying Poor Countries to Save Trees
QUOTE: Scientists and environmentalists want mechanisms to reward the developing world for saving its forests incorporated into any such treaty....furious response from groups that say that the developing world has a right to boost its economic development through forestry.
New York Times Nov 13, 2008 Report Sees New Pollution Threat
QUOTE: The byproduct of automobiles, slash-and-burn agriculture, wood-burning stoves and coal-fired power plants, these plumes of carbon dust rise over southern Africa, the Amazon basin and North America. But they are most pronounced in Asia, where so-called atmospheric brown clouds are dramatically reducing sunlight in many Chinese cities and leading to decreased crop yields in swaths of rural India...
New York Times Oct 24, 2008 West Is in Talks on Credit to Aid Poorer Nations
QUOTE: With the financial crisis engulfing developing countries from Latin America to Central Europe, raising the specter of market panic and even social unrest, Western officials are weighing coordinated action to try to stabilize these economies.
New York Times Oct 21, 2008 Is Fair Trade Green?: Making sense of sanctimonious product labels.
QUOTE: If you care about both global poverty and climate change, you can't always have it both ways. The Lantern suggests you keep things in perspective: Boycotting bananas from the Dominican Republic may reduce your carbon footprint a tad, but you'll make a bigger dent by putting that hamburger meat back on the shelf once in a while—and you won't be cutting a poor grower out of the global economy.
Slate Sep 16, 2008 Code Aims to Aid Nurses: Group Says Foreign Hires Need Protection
QUOTE: A coalition of health-care groups this month unveiled a code of ethics it hopes will protect nurses from other countries from abusive employment practices when they take jobs in the United States.
Washington Post Jun 30, 2008 Hoarding Nations Drive Food Costs Ever Higher (The Food Chain)
QUOTE: When it comes to rice, India, Vietnam, China and 11 other countries have limited or banned exports. Fifteen countries, including Pakistan and Bolivia, have capped or halted wheat exports. More than a dozen have limited corn exports. Kazakhstan has restricted exports of sunflower seeds. The restrictions are making it harder for impoverished importing countries to afford the food they need. The export limits are forcing some of the most vulnerable people, those who rely on relief agencies, to go hungry.
New York Times May 30, 2008 Nobel Laureates Unable to Win Release of Doctor
QUOTE: Binayak Sen, who has worked with the poorest of the poor in the eastern Indian state of Chhattisgarh, has been a vocal critic of the government's use of armed groups to push villagers out of mineral-rich forests to boost development. He was jailed in April 2007 on sedition charges, including allegedly being linked to Maoist rebels and smuggling a letter for an accused Maoist prisoner he had visited.
Washington Post May 19, 2008 World Aid Agencies Faulted in Food Crisis: Failure to Support Agriculture Cited
QUOTE: Wade's broadside is part of a backlash against multilateral organizations that were created after World War II -- including the FAO, the World Bank and the World Food Program -- tasked with weaving together a safety net for the world's poorest. The recent spike in food prices has ripped a massive tear in that net, triggering riots around the world and threatening to plunge more than 100 million people into extreme poverty.
Washington Post May 17, 2008 World’s Poor Pay Price as Crop Research Is Cut (The Food Chain)
QUOTE: This is a stark example of the many problems that are coming to light in the world’s agricultural system. Experts say that during the food surpluses of recent decades, governments and development agencies lost focus on the importance of helping poor countries improve their agriculture.
New York Times Dec 08, 2007 Trucks Power China’s Economy, at a Suffocating Cost
QUOTE: Yet cleaning up truck pollution presents complex problems for China’s leaders. For instance, regulators have begun raising emissions standards for new trucks, but have left millions of older ones belching black smoke. Forcing businesses and farmers to buy more expensive vehicles could put a drag on the economy...
New York Times Dec 07, 2007 U.S. Agency’s Slow Pace Endangers Foreign Aid
QUOTE: The Millennium Challenge Corporation, a federal agency set up almost four years ago to reinvent foreign aid, has taken far longer to help poor, well-governed countries than its supporters expected or its critics say is reasonable.
New York Times Nov 23, 2007 Careers Give India’s Women New Independence
QUOTE: The new opening has hardly rubbed away old restrictions. As they wrestle with new uncertainties and new choices, many young Indian women are embracing the changes tentatively, tinkering for the time being with the customs of the past.
New York Times Nov 21, 2007 Group Says St. Patrick’s Sells Sweatshop Goods
QUOTE: The group, the National Labor Committee, which has unearthed past examples of abusive work conditions, said it had bought crucifixes in the Roman Catholic cathedral that had been assembled by workers toiling under deplorable conditions.
New York Times Nov 20, 2007 A Health System’s ‘Miracles’ Come With Hidden Costs
QUOTE: Cuban doctors abroad receive much better pay than in Cuba, along with other benefits from the state, like the right to buy a car and get a relatively luxurious house when they return. As a result, many of the finest physicians have taken posts abroad. The doctors and nurses left in Cuba are stretched thin and overworked, resulting in a decline in the quality of care for Cubans...
New York Times Nov 14, 2007 Colombian families' suit says Chiquita liable for torture, murder
QUOTE: Earlier this year, Chiquita, as part of a plea agreement, admitted that what it called protection payments had been given to Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, or AUC. AUC was named a terrorist organization by the United States in 2002, making it a crime to give them money.
CNN (Cable News Network) Nov 07, 2007 Rains Bring Mexico's Poverty to Surface: Residents Cling To Flooded Homes
QUOTE: In much the same way as the ruined Lower Ninth Ward in New Orleans forced the United States to face its class divide after Hurricane Katrina, Gaviotas Sur is exposing uncomfortable truths in this boggy Gulf of Mexico state.
Washington Post Nov 02, 2007 The Perils of Petrocracy
QUOTE: Nationalization is also a political trend in some regions, mainly Latin America, where the populist presidents of Bolivia and Ecuador have made it part of their discourse. They are led, of course, by Hugo Chávez of Venezuela. He has made private producers accept state control of their operations. When they wouldn’t, as in the case of ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips, he simply nationalized their holdings. Chávez has also asserted his control over Venezuela’s state oil company, which before him operated very much like a private, profit-driven enterprise.
New York Times Oct 22, 2007 Tables Turned: Poor Countries Wag Fingers at Rich Ones
QUOTE: With hundreds of officials and experts convening over the weekend in the nation’s capital, the theme this year was not fear of protesters, but of the global impact of the troubles in the American housing sector, with many delegates faulting lax regulations and sleepy overseers in Europe and the United States.
New York Times Oct 15, 2007 World Bank Neglects African Farming, Study Says
QUOTE: The World Bank, financed by rich nations to reduce poverty in poor ones, has long neglected agriculture in impoverished sub-Saharan Africa, where most people depend on the farm economy for their livelihoods, according to a new internal evaluation.
New York Times Oct 14, 2007 As Angola Rebuilds, Most Find Their Poverty Persists
QUOTE: The government’s critics argue that progress would be quicker if public officials were not so busy enriching themselves. In 2003, the weekly newspaper Angolese Samanario published a list of the wealthiest people in Angola. Twelve of the top 20 were government officials; five were former government officials.
New York Times Oct 13, 2007 Bank Plans Probe of HIV Tests In India
QUOTE: The bank has poured hundreds of millions of dollars into India through programs intended to prevent the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus, which causes AIDS. Those efforts came under fresh scrutiny when Kunal Saha, an Ohio physician who traveled to India this year at the bank's request, said he uncovered documents suggesting that defective tests had produced high numbers of false negative results.
Washington Post Oct 12, 2007 Unserved by banks, poor Kenyans now just use a cellphone: Service allows individuals to transfer cash and conduct business across long distances.
QUOTE: Most banks have found it far too costly to set up services for the billions of poor people in developing countries. But with cellphone banking, which eliminates most administrative costs, banks could soon find it worth their while to serve the poor.
Christian Science Monitor Oct 09, 2007 Distribution of Nets Splits Malaria Fighters
QUOTE: Villages like Maendeleo are at the center of a debate that has split malaria fighters: how to distribute mosquito nets.
New York Times Oct 06, 2007 Struggling Chadians Dream Of a Better Life -- in China
QUOTE: As resource-hungry China cultivates relationships with countries across Africa -- most recently here, for oil -- African leaders are debating the merits of that growing influence. Skeptics are troubled, for instance, by China's role in enabling governments such as Sudan's, which is accused of carrying out a brutal campaign of violence in its western Darfur region.
Washington Post Oct 03, 2007 As U.S. Food Dollars Buy Less, International Agencies Differ Over How to Use Aid
QUOTE: Officials representing more than a dozen aid groups, including Catholic Relief Services and Food for the Hungry, testified Tuesday at a Congressional hearing that Congress should increase the food aid budget and use a larger share of it for long-term antipoverty programs.
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