Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Jul 10, 2016 Police used a robot to kill -- The key questions
QUOTE: While there are links to the discussion on the future of killer robots, known as LAWS (lethal autonomous weapons systems), there are also three important differences to keep in mind.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 01, 2016 The Zombie Literature: Retractions are on the rise. But reams of flawed research papers persist in the scientific literature. Is it time to change the way papers are published?
QUOTE: “I think there is a continuum between fraud and errors, and I think people are all too willing to go easy on something if there is no fraud,” says Columbia University statistician Andrew Gelman, who blogs about retractions and reproducibility problems in the scientific literature.
Scientist, The (TS) Dec 12, 2015 This simple negotiation tactic brought 195 countries to consensus
QUOTE: An indaba is designed to allow every party to voice its opinion, but still arrive at a consensus quickly. It works because opinions and arguments can only be aired in a particular way: Instead of repeating stated positions, each party is encouraged to speak personally and state their “red lines,” which are thresholds that they don’t want to cross. But while telling others their hard limits, they are also asked to provide solutions to find a common ground.
Quartz Dec 06, 2014 Yahoo Angers Photographers By Selling Their Work
QUOTE: some of the photographers made their photos available under Creative Commons under the impression that they'd be used in articles or by other sources rather than Yahoo itself turning them into a source of revenue, much less one that leaves out the content creators.
WebProNews May 27, 2014 Who Wants Free Love Anyway?
QUOTE: Nowhere are the middleman’s limitations more evident than dating websites. Consider, for instance, that they don’t even do the thing we perhaps most want them to do: vet potential matches for truthfulness.
New York Times Jan 20, 2014 On Facebook, clicking 'like' can help scammers
QUOTE: Often, Senft said, Facebook pages are created with the sole purpose of spreading viral content that will get lots of likes and shares. Once the page creators have piled up hundreds of thousands of likes and shares, they'll strip the page and promote something else, like products that they get a commission for selling. Or, they may turn around and sell the page through black-market websites to someone who does the same. It's a way to trick Facebook's algorithm...
CNN (Cable News Network) Jan 17, 2014 Connected TVs, fridge help launch global cyberattack
QUOTE: a global cyberattack launched from more than 100,000 everyday consumer gadgets such as home-networking routers, televisions and at least one "smart" refrigerator. It's being called possibly the first proven cyberattack to originate from connected appliances -- the so-called "Internet of Things."
CNN (Cable News Network) Oct 19, 2013 Scientific research has changed the world. Now it needs to change itself
QUOTE: Too many of the findings that fill the academic ether are the result of shoddy experiments or poor analysis (see article). A rule of thumb among biotechnology venture-capitalists is that half of published research cannot be replicated. Even that may be optimistic.
Economist Oct 04, 2013 At the Trial of a Psychic, It’s Awkward for Her Clients
QUOTE: It is one thing, after having forked over tens of thousands of dollars to a psychic who warned that you had evil spirits blocking your happiness, to become suspicious and demand a refund. And, when that does not happen, to go to the police and swear out a complaint....For two women who accused her of fraud, this week was the first time they were asked, at least publicly, what in the world they had been thinking.
New York Times Sep 26, 2013 Is Yahoo Doing Enough To Protect Sensitive Emails?
QUOTE: ...Yahoo announced that it would give away inactive email addresses and Yahoo IDs. They would only do so if the address had been inactive for at least a year. The idea was that Yahoo’s loyal users would be able to get more desirable email addresses....People began criticizing Yahoo’s move pretty much right after it was announced in early summer. Security experts warned of privacy and cybersafety issues that could arise from the initiative.
WebProNews Sep 05, 2013 N.S.A. Foils Much Internet Encryption
QUOTE: The National Security Agency is winning its long-running secret war on encryption, using supercomputers, technical trickery, court orders and behind-the-scenes persuasion to undermine the major tools protecting the privacy of everyday communications in the Internet age, according to newly disclosed documents. The agency has circumvented or cracked much of the encryption, or digital scrambling, that guards global commerce and banking systems, protects sensitive data like trade secrets and medical records, and automatically secures the e-mails, Web searches, Internet chats and phone calls of Americans and others around the world...
New York Times Jul 11, 2013 Internet trolls: What to do about the scourge of the Web?
QUOTE: "You can't easily taxonomize trolling behavior," she said. "A lot of trolling is about mischief and harmless, silly pranks. But really extreme behavior -- attacking friends and families of kids who have died, for example -- that seems to be a behavior with a different motivation."
CNN (Cable News Network) May 01, 2013 Google Glass, the beginning of wearable surveillance
QUOTE: imagine that millions of Americans walk around each day wearing the equivalent of a drone on their head: a device capable of capturing video and audio recordings of everything that happens around them. And imagine that these devices upload the data to large-scale commercial enterprises that are able to collect the recordings from each and every American and integrate them together to form a minute-by-minute tracking of the activities of millions....default mode is for all data to be automatically uploaded to cloud servers, where aggregation and back-end analytic capacity resides. So, who owns and what happens to the user's data?
CNN (Cable News Network) Apr 28, 2013 Erasing History
QUOTE: The arrest story was obviously true when it was first published. But Connecticut’s erasure law has already established that truth can be fungible. Martin, her suit says, was “deemed never to have been arrested.” And therefore the news story had metamorphosed into a falsehood.
New York Times Mar 31, 2013 Is A ‘Just Looking’ Fee A Smart Business Decision?
QUOTE: To complicate things even further for brick and mortars, the rise of smartphones has made it easy for consumers to walk into a store, browse the inventory, and comparison shop right from within. Stores risk losing customers to competitors before they’ve even left the store....As of the first of February, this store will be charging people a $5 fee per person for “just looking.”
WebProNews Feb 25, 2013 Why I'm quitting Facebook
QUOTE: In my upcoming book "Present Shock," I chronicle some of what happens when we can no longer manage our many online presences. I have always argued for engaging with technology as conscious human beings and dispensing with technologies that take that agency away. Facebook is just such a technology. It does things on our behalf when we're not even there. It actively misrepresents us to our friends, and worse misrepresents those who have befriended us to still others.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jan 19, 2013 Morality: It's not just for humans
QUOTE: De Waal isn't sure that his monkeys have what a philosopher would call a "concept of justice" in an intellectual sense. But the emotional reactions researchers have observed indicates that there is, at a more basic level, a sense of justice among them....In the new study, de Waal and colleagues had chimpanzees and, separately, young children, play an "ultimatum game."
CNN (Cable News Network) Dec 26, 2012 Are We Born With a Sense of Fairness? Does fairness come standard with every newborn, or is it something that we (hopefully) develop as we mature?
QUOTE: Given the role of variability in the evolution of fairness, we thought it would be instructive to investigate at what age variability in the sense of fairness develops in children.
Pacific Standard Dec 13, 2012 DealBook Conference Was Impressive, Lucrative and Chummy
QUOTE: Here is what the conference did not have going for it: A great deal of distance between sources and those who cover them — something traditionally thought to be a bedrock journalistic idea....DealBook – a blog and print section dedicated to coverage of mergers and acquisitions and other related subjects — is something of an oddity at The Times. A rainmaker for the company, it has garnered its share of critics who see it as too soft on its sources.
New York Times Dec 11, 2012 Scientists Propose Central Database for Disclosing Conflicts of Interest
QUOTE: a lack of standardization in COI disclosures increases the administrative burden on physicians and increases the chances of being accused of incomplete and misleading statements. As a solution, their committee — facilitated by the Institute of Medicine — recommends the creation of a centralize database for the disclosure and reporting of interests.
Scholarly Kitchen Nov 26, 2012 Facebook will ask you to vote against your right to vote
QUOTE: Facebook will hold a vote, possibly later this week, in which it will ask users to abolish their right to vote on changes to the social network's privacy policies....Facebook argues it has outgrown the voting and commenting system that currently exists on the site. (One BuzzFeed writer notes that China might argue the same thing with regard to democracy.)
CNN (Cable News Network) Nov 17, 2012 My Take: The danger of calling behavior ‘biblical’
QUOTE: The fact of the matter is, we all pick and choose. We’re all selective in our interpretation and application of the biblical text. The better question to ask one another is why we pick and choose the way that we do, why we emphasis some passages and not others.
CNN (Cable News Network) Nov 13, 2012 Unequal or Unfair: Which Is Worse? Inequality is a symptom; unfairness is the disease.
QUOTE: Fairness—or lack of it—is central to human relationships at every level, from a marriage between two people to disputes involving war and peace among the nations of the world. I believe fairness is what we need to focus on, not inequality—though I readily acknowledge that high inequality in wealth and income is corrosive to society.
Psychology Today Sep 12, 2012 Rooked: The supremely old-school game of chess is dealing with a very avant-garde brand of unsportsmanlike conduct
QUOTE: even though the kid's only confessed misdeed came among small-time players in an otherwise unremarkable tournament, the electronic score-sheet caper could have implications far beyond the hotel ballroom where it occurred. Most important for everybody but Smiley: Along with being the youngest techno-cheat, he is also the first player of any age caught exploiting an approved software application as part of a cheating scheme.
Grantland Sep 05, 2012 We must be open about our mistakes: Greater transparency about the scientific process and a closer focus on correcting defective data are the way forward
QUOTE: The scientific community must be diligent in highlighting abuses, develop greater transparency and accessibility for its work, police research more effectively and exemplify laudable behaviour. This includes encouraging more open debate about misconduct and malpractice, exposing our dirty laundry and welcoming external examination....Peer pressure is a powerful tool — but only if peers are aware of infractions and bad practice.
Nature Jun 26, 2012 How To Make a Viral Hit in Four Easy Steps: Want to know the secret to BuzzFeed’s monster online success? Click here!
QUOTE: Taking other people’s stuff as inspiration is a time-honored practice online. Bloggers do it every day, and most of them acknowledge the original source of whatever they’re writing about....Peretti wasn’t hiding the fact that Shepherd spotted the NedHardy post while making his list. Why not at least link to it?
Slate May 27, 2012 Matt Cutts: Here’s How To Expose Your Competitors’ Black Hat SEO Practices: Google really wants to know about them
WebProNews Apr 25, 2012 ‘What Were You Thinking?’ For Couples, New Source of Online Friction
QUOTE: the rise of social media — where sharing private moments is encouraged, and provocative and confessional postings can help build a following — has created a new source of friction for couples: what is fair game for sharing with the world?
New York Times Mar 15, 2012 For Apple, Pressure Builds Over App Store Fraud
QUOTE: as reflected by hundreds of online complaints saying that Apple’s iTunes Store, and in particular its App Store, which the company portrays as the safest of shopping environments, is not so secure....It’s a change for Apple, which was once criticized for its micromanaging of the App Store. Now the problem is not too much control, but too little.
New York Times Mar 15, 2012 It's Not All About You: What Privacy Advocates Don't Get About Data Tracking on the Web
QUOTE: The privacy discourse frames the issue in an ego-centric manner, as a bargain between consumers and companies: the company will know x, y and z about me and in exchange I get free email, good recommendations, and a plethora of convenient services. But the bargain that we are making is a collective one, and the costs will be felt at a societal scale. When we think in terms of power, it is clear we are getting a raw deal: we grant private entities -- with no interest in the public good and no public accountability -- greater powers of persuasion than anyone has ever had before and in exchange we get free email.
Atlantic Online, The (Atlantic Monthly) Feb 27, 2012 Yoga and Sex Scandals: No Surprise Here
QUOTE: After accusations of sexual impropriety with female students, John Friend, the founder of Anusara, one of the world’s fastest-growing styles, told followers that he was stepping down for an indefinite period...Yoga teachers and how-to books seldom mention that the discipline began as a sex cult — an omission that leaves many practitioners open to libidinal surprise.
New York Times Feb 17, 2012 Google Accused of Tracking Safari Usage Without Permission
QUOTE: A Stanford University graduate student has released a report that accuses Google and three other ad networks [Vibrant Media, Media Innovation Group, and PointRoll] of side-stepping the privacy settings on Apple's Safari browser to track usage on iPhones and Macs without permission.
PC Magazine Feb 16, 2012 Shocker: Facebook Users Hate Surprise Photo Tagging
QUOTE: nearly all Facebook users think it's rude when someone posts a photo or video of them without asking their permission first. In the survey of more than 800 Facebook users, 83 percent of respondents said it's just "common courtesy" to ask permission before posting someone else's photo or video online.
PC Magazine Feb 15, 2012 Apple: Apps need 'explicit approval' before collecting user contacts
QUOTE: Apple on Wednesday said it will start requiring mobile apps to get explicit permission from iPhone and iPad owners before the apps collect and store information about users' personal contacts. The statement came after a week of revelations that popular social tools like Twitter and Path were doing just that -- sometimes without the user even knowing it.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jan 25, 2012 Build Up Your Phone’s Defenses Against Hackers
QUOTE: Technology experts expect breached, infiltrated or otherwise compromised cellphones to be the scourge of 2012. The smartphone security company Lookout Inc. estimates that more than a million phones worldwide have already been affected.
New York Times Nov 12, 2011 Keep government out of mind-reading business (My Take)
QUOTE: Now, for the first time in human history, we are peering into the labyrinth of the mind and pulling out information, perhaps even information you would rather we did not know....If my right to privacy means anything, it must mean the right to keep my innermost thoughts safe from the prying eyes of the state, the military or my employer.
CNN (Cable News Network) Oct 09, 2011 Kids May Develop a Sense of Fairness Earlier Than Thought: Toddlers who are quick to share toys act surprised when food isn't divided equally, study finds
QUOTE: Researchers from the University of Washington found that 15-month-old babies could tell the difference between equal and unequal portions of food. This perception, the study authors noted, affected the babies' willingness to share.
HealthDay Sep 21, 2011 Facebook makes it easier than ever to eavesdrop: The new mini stream feature makes it simple to see what people are saying, even when they might not realize you're listening
QUOTE: any comment you make is potentially open to a new level of scrutiny by all of your peers and followers: casual acquaintances, family members, a boss, a co-worker, a business partner, your pastor....Making matters worse, Facebook doesn't provide much in the way of evident guidance or functionality to keep these privacy barriers intact. You can't easily flip a switch, for example, to prevent a Facebook friend from subscribing to your comments or links.
InfoWorld Aug 31, 2011 Hackers may have stolen more than 200 SSL certificates: Source say DigiNotar breach generated fraudulent certs for Mozilla, Yahoo and Tor, not just Google
QUOTE: Hackers may have obtained more than 200 digital certificates from a Dutch company after breaking into its network, including ones for Mozilla, Yahoo and the Tor project....Security researchers now wonder what else DigiNotar hasn't told users.
Computerworld Aug 31, 2011 Improving Fairness in Flight Delays
QUOTE: For fliers, the RBS-EP proposal would help those whose flights would have been given unfair assignments based on the current approach: based upon a new metric for defining fairness, they would receive earlier (and therefore more advantageous) departure slots.
Harvard Business Review (HBR) Aug 22, 2011 Browsing and Privacy: How to Not Get Tracked: All modern browsers have built-in tools and add-ons to protect users from having their Web behavior tracked. But regardless, some sites still find ways to
QUOTE: Every time browser developers and others come up with a defense against tracking — the use of tiny bits of computer code that tells Web sites where you've been on the Internet — the other side ups the ante with a new trick. And it's happening again.
CIO Magazine Aug 19, 2011 Antibacterial Chemical Raises Safety Issues
QUOTE: a battle over the active ingredient in Dial Complete and many other antibacterial soaps, a chemical known as triclosan...Several studies have shown that triclosan may alter hormone regulation in laboratory animals or cause antibiotic resistance...F.D.A. has already said that soap with triclosan is no more effective than washing with ordinary soap and water, a finding that manufacturers dispute.
New York Times Aug 08, 2011 Facebook’s Privacy Issues Are Even Deeper Than We Knew
QUOTE: privacy issues go beyond what the social networking giants themselves do. Now the question includes what they’ve enabled others to do. The research also neuters the conventional retort, “you can opt out,” because the results are based on public information.
Forbes Aug 02, 2011 Car hacks loom as autos go wireless: Tomorrow's vehicles will communicate wirelessly to reduce accidents, and experts are working to ensure hackers can't abuse the technology
QUOTE: The experts involved believe that 83 percent of unimpaired vehicle-related fatalities (those not connected to drugs, alcohol, and so on) might be avoided by boosting vehicular intelligence. Still, any technology capable of transmitting personal data -- in this case, auto-related information -- and controlling our cars could be abused by hackers.
InfoWorld Jul 14, 2011 Hacktivism moves from pranks to problems: Far from being 'sophisticated' attacks, LulzSec and Anonymous are run of the mill, say experts.
QUOTE: a spate of cyber unrest that started last year with attacks by the group Anonymous on companies that took a stand against Wikileaks, a group dedicated to outing government secrets. While companies and government agencies had derided the efforts as pranks, the success that hactivists have had in penetrating networks has increasingly caused concern.
InfoWorld Jul 06, 2011 How Did News of the World Hack Victims' Cell Phones?
QUOTE: The alleged actions of the tabloid's cell phone-hacking employees may beggar belief, Kevin Mahaffey, co-founder and CTO of mobile security firm Lookout, told PC Mag Wednesday. But their techniques for accessing other people's private mail boxes were probably very simple.
PC Magazine Jul 01, 2011 The Unselfish Gene
QUOTE: Why is this deep-rooted belief about human selfishness beginning to change? To some extent, the answer is specific to evolutionary biology. But similar ideas challenging the notion that people are born selfish have surfaced in several other fields, such as psychology, sociology, political science, and experimental economics. Together, these ideas are tracing a new intellectual arc in the disciplines concerned with human action and motivation.
Harvard Business Review (HBR) Jun 28, 2011 DNA tests provide the poop on bad dog owners
QUOTE: among a growing number of apartment complexes implementing PooPrints. That's a program that matches samples of unclaimed dog waste to DNA collected through pets' mandatory mouth swabs in the hope of imposing greater responsibility among pet owners.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jun 25, 2011 It’s Science, but Not Necessarily Right
QUOTE: science fixes its mistakes more slowly, more fitfully and with more difficulty than Sagan’s words would suggest...Why? One simple answer is that it takes a lot of time to look back over other scientists’ work and replicate their experiments. Scientists are busy people, scrambling to get grants and tenure. As a result, papers that attract harsh criticism may nonetheless escape the careful scrutiny required if they are to be refuted.
New York Times Jun 25, 2011 In Medicine, New Isn’t Always Improved
QUOTE: the promise of innovation can also prove a trap, a situation now playing out with dire consequences for possibly tens of thousands of people who received artificial hips intended to let them remain active. The implants, known as metal-on-metal hips, were regarded by device makers and surgeons as a major advance over previous designs that used both metal and plastic. Now federal regulators and medical researchers are scrambling to determine how many implant recipients have been injured by the devices, which can shed dangerous metallic debris through wear.
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